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雅思写作的“三大层次”理论

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雅思写作的“三大层次”理论了解一下

1. 什么是雅思写作的“三大层次”理论?

所谓的雅思写作“三大层次”,指的是我们对任何一个话题,都可以从三个层次进行思考和讨论。这三个层次包括:物质(physical)层次、心理(psychological) 层次、社会(societal) 层次。其中:物质层次指的是与我们的身体、时间、空间、金钱/成本等相关的层次,这是一种比较浅显的层次。比如看电视,从物质层次上来讲,坏处就是浪费我们的时间、电费(金钱),还可能伤害我们的眼睛(身体),但它的好处就是让我们了解各种信息等。

心理层次指的是与我们心理、情感、精神等相关的层次,这是一种涉及到我们感情和思想的层次,比物质层次要深入一些。比如看电视,从心理层次上讲,坏处就是让我们养成被动接受信息不再自己思考的习惯,好处就是能陪伴我们度过空虚的时光等。

社会层次指的是与我们的环境、社会、文化、道德等相关的层次,这个层次相当于脱离了与我们个人的关联,而进入到更宏大的社会之中,因此比心理层次显得更高。比如看电视,从社会层次上讲,坏处可能包括暴力节目引发犯罪、虚假广告可能误导消费者等,好处就是购买电视有利于促进国家的经济发展等。

2. 有关雅思写作的“三大层次”理论应用实例

雅思写作真题实例1

Some people believe there are intelligent life forms existing on other planets and it is better to send messages to them, but others think it is a bad idea because it is very dangerous to do this. Discuss both views and give your opinion.

好处:(1)外星人科技发达,可以学习他们的科技,让地球人生活得更快乐(物质层面);(2)和外星人联系后,我们在这个宇宙就不再孤独(心理层面);(3)地球必将毁灭,联系外星人将为地球人找到新的栖息地(社会层面)。

坏处:(1)联系外星人,需要投入巨大的人力物力(物质层面);(2)联系外星人,可能是一件非常危险的事情(社会层面)。

我的观点:我认为应该努力与外星人沟通。首先,外星人若不及我们地球文明,那他们不会对我们构成威胁,如果外星人比我们的文明更先进,那么他们来破坏地球的可能性就更低,因此所谓威胁论或危险论其实不存在;而与外星人沟通会让我们找到其他星球的朋友,我们可以向他们学习,在地球终点到来之前,外星人甚至可能挽救我们。

雅思写作真题实例2

In some countries, the criminal trials are shown on the TV and the general public can watch them. Do the advantages outweigh the disadvantages?

好处:(1)看电视审判犯人,我们可以学到很多关于法律的知识(物质层面);(2)电视审判犯人,可以让观众内心感到害怕,从而不敢犯罪(心理层面);(3)电视审判,关注面大,从而使审判显得更加公正(社会层面)。

坏处:(1)电视审判犯人,必定将犯罪细节公之于众,这在某种程度上是在宣传暴力(物质层面);(2)因为知道要电视播放,法官和律师的注意力往往从案件审理转移到电视作秀,不利于法律的正常实施(心理层面和社会层面)。

我的观点:作为公民,我们有权利知道犯人是如何得到审判的,因此我赞同电视审判犯人,但是电视审判中也要注意控制那些不宜播放的犯罪细节,并降低电视媒介对审判过程的不良影响。

雅思写作真题实例3

Many towns and cities constructed in previous centuries are suitable for life at that time, and cause many problems today. Describe the problems it may cause and give the possible solution.

物质层次:衣食住行。过去不需要大型超市,现在需要;过去不需要宽阔的街道,现在需要;过去不需要地铁和机场,现在需要。这些属于物质层次的范畴。

心理层次:休闲娱乐。过去不需要高级电影院,现在需要;过去不需要公共图书馆/博物馆,现在需要;过去不需要大型广场,现在需要。这些属于心理层次的范畴。

社会层次:环境与社会。过去不需要区分居住区、工业区和商业区,现在需要;过去(也许)不需要城市中心花园,现在需要;过去不需要废品回收站,现在需要。这些属于社会层次的范畴。

3. 雅思写作“三大层次”理论使用的四大锦囊

小站考鸭老师提出的“三大层次”理论可以帮助同学们迅速想出要写的雅思写作题目的内容,在时间宝贵的雅思写作考场,时间就是分数啊。但是,具体在雅思写作考试过程中,小站考鸭老师认为各位考鸭需要注意以下4点:

1.一般的雅思写作正确的顺序是由低到高层次写作,这样可以确保内容的逻辑性。也就是说,先写物质层次,然后心理层次,最后社会层次。

(2)不同雅思写作话题,可能需要考虑不同层次的详略。比如,某些话题可能在物质层次上多写,在社会层次略写;另外的话题可能考虑社会层次更多,物质层次一带而过。这些都需要在写作计划的时候考虑清楚。

3.写作中具体写到哪一个层次,还取决于你的英语水平。如果你对自己的英语水平比较自信,那就尽量考虑写完三个层次,而且在社会层次上也不露怯;但如果你的英语水平还不够好,那就尽量在物质层次上多找几个点写下去,然后适当写点心理层次的内容,社会层次就不要去写,否则错误就多,得分就低。

小站考鸭老师的具体建议是:争取5分的同学,只写物质层面,内容简单,语言错误也有望减少很多;争取6分的同学,主要写物质层面,适当简写心理层面;争取7分或以上的同学,物质层面一笔带过,以心理层面和社会层面为主 。

4.经过多年和雅思考生打交道的经验,很多雅思考生一拿到雅思写作题目,第一反应就是心理和社会层次两个内容,但是很难用逻辑层面去继续写下去。小站考鸭老师给到的建议是,拿到任何雅思写作题目,第一步先想到的是物质层次,然后在进入到心理和社会这两个层次,这样的雅思写作内容才会更加自然流畅,更容易获得高分。

雅思写作范文:新闻媒体的影响力

雅思写作大作文题目讲解

分析:这是一篇关于媒体类的考题,题目比较简单,没有多大的审题的难度,但是考生们要注意题目强调的是新闻媒体对人们生活的影响,所以在扣题上要多多注意。文章主要认为新闻媒体带来的负面影响会比较多,主要包括碎片化的新闻让人们很难专注,以及新闻会传播一些负面信息,然后在让步段指出新闻媒体一定的合理之处,最后进行简单的总结。

雅思写作大作文参考范文

It is increasingly true that individuals are bombarded with a wealth of news information from text massages, websites and other mass media, which, in my point of view will trigger more undesirable outcomes than the temporary rosy picture it brings.

The lack of long term concentration and distraction are two of the problems that dwarf many advantages the news media bring. Due to the innovation and development of technology, we are more easily to be informed with non-stop news every moment. The news, which is broadcasted frequently, covers a wide range of information which might be too trivial and fragmentary. Although it may hallucinate those who are informed with the news that they are more connected to the world, the recipients are also likely to be put into a dilemma where they can hardly apply themselves to completing some task requiring consistent focus.

Another drawback the news media generate is that many news media are profit-oriented, which means their ultimate goal is to seek the maximum revenue. In order to seize the attention and arouse the interest of many viewers or audiences, the news media are likely to circulate more negative news concerning some violence, criminal cases and disasters, thereby disseminating some adverse values to people’s life.

It is of course true that the news media are not to be blamed in every perspective. In some ways, news media can bring more fairness and justice to public’s life because they can help to expose some immoral or illegal dirty tricks to the supervision of the whole society. For example, the power of government can be functioned more soundly and some basic right can be guaranteed if news media keep an eye on authorities.

当然,新闻媒体在各个方面都不应该受到指责。在某种程度上,新闻媒体可以为公众的生活带来更多的公平和公正,因为它有助于向整个社会的监督揭露一些不道德或非法的下流伎俩。例如,如果新闻媒体关注当局,政府的权力就可以更加健全,一些基本权利也可以得到保障。

To conclude, the assets pale in comparison with many of the disadvantages the news media bring. And individual should be prudent about their exposure to them.

雅思写作大作文范文:私塾教育

真题范文:Some people think teaching children different abilities together benefits everyone, others think intelligent children should be taught separately and given special treatment. Discuss both views and give your own opinion.(有些人认为教孩子不同的能力对每个人都有好处,另一些人认为聪明的孩子应该分开教,给予特殊待遇。讨论两种观点并给出你自己的观点。)

雅思写作大作文题目讲解

分析:私塾教育应不应该被采纳这个话题之前出现地很少,但是跟网络教育的观点很类似。不论教育模式怎样,它的功能永远都是1. 学习理论知识;2. 提高基本素质;3. 帮助身体发育。那么我们就可以根据这几点来组织文章的内容。

雅思写作大作文参考范文

教育改革一直是许多教育工作者的一个重要问题,从而引发了争论哪种教学模式是最适合那些有不同学习能力的孩子。

The revolution of education has always been a vital concern for many educationalists, thus giving rise to a controversy over which kind of teaching pattern is the most appropriate for children who have different learning capacity.

Admittedly, big-class teaching is known as the most common way of teaching as it gives a facility to feasible team work activities, which not only cultivates a sense of cooperation and a sense of competition in students, but also teaches them a lesson about how to deal with peer pressure. These qualities are considered rather significant in an adolescent’s life. But for those who have high intelligence, the advantages just identified above do not hold water, due to the fact that they learn in a far fast pace than those normal ones do. The result of this is either that competent learners are demotivated or that incompetent ones are depressed.

However, reaching the conclusion that massive teaching is not advantageous for ingenious students does not mean that they should be classed into individual learning group. Instead, improving the downsides of teaching together pattern seems to be more relevant. This is because one to one teaching is proved likely to impede children’s development both mentally and physically, which are also of great importance in education. It is not a rare occurrence that closed learning environment results in difficulties in getting along with others as well as in facing challenges in future life. Additionally, a lack of P.E programe as normal classes do is the reason behind health problems of youth.

I therefore believe that acquiring abilities together provides opportunities to exploit learners’ potentials by arguing each other and learning from others, this is the best way for them to distinguish the strength and weakness from others’.

因此,我相信,通过相互学习和相互学习,获得共同的能力是利用学习者潜能的机会,这是他们区分他人的优点和缺点的最佳途径。

雅思写作大作文范文:父母育儿课程

真题范文:New parents should attend a parenting course to learn how to bring up their children well, do you agree or disagree?(新父母应该参加育儿课程,学习如何培养孩子,你同意吗?

雅思写作大作文参考范文

在许多人的生活过程中,父母可以看作是一个里程碑,家庭成长可以在某种程度上影响儿童的心理和认知发展。至于孩子的健康成长,我主张那些刚刚成为父亲和母亲的人可以通过参加一些相关课程获益匪浅。

Being a parent can be regarded as a milestone during the life course of many people and family upbringing can somehow shape the development of children both psychologically and cognitively. As for the sound growth of children, I advocate that those who have newly become fathers and mothers can benefit a great deal by attending some relative courses.

As the initial guide and instructor of their children’s life, the implications of parenting cannot be underestimated. Children are exposed to their parents almost everyday and children can directly gain a host of information from those who are most intimate to them. Naturally, children are adept in imitating what they see and what they hear, and some undesired outcomes are likely to arise if parents lack the corresponding know-how to foster their offspring. In this way, the specialized courses which are tailored for new parents can provide access to some tips and advice, therefore steering clear of some problems.

Another reason makes it imperative for parents to can informed with the parenting tips is that numerous parents are too early and too hasty to become a qualified father and mother. To some extent, the parents themselves are spoiled and someone may unfortunately belong to the beaten generation, which means the physical maturity does not equate to the meticulous and considerate love and care to their next generation. On other hand, the opponents of this issue may claim that the tips and expertise of parenting can be learned from various ways, rendering the attending a class time-wasting and not cost-effective, especially for the parents who desire to have a flying start in their career. However, for the overall benefit of children, it is still advisable for parents to receive some training.

To conclude, parents are supposed to pour time to obtain some useful instruction for raising their next generation, albeit sometimes it is not necessary.

总之,父母应该倾注时间来获得一些有益的指导来培养下一代,尽管有时这是不必要的。


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