话不多说，我们就以2018年9月15日的雅思写作大作文真题来讨论一下吧。题目是：In many countries nowadays, more and more women have full-time jobs as men, so there is logic that men and women should share the housework tasks equally(like cleaning and looking after children). To what extent do you agree or disagree?越来越多的女性和男性一样做着全职工作，所以，男性应该和女性平分家务，比如清洁和照顾儿童。你在哪些方面同意或不同意这个观点?这是一道典型的社会类话题，浅层的来看是男女分工问题，进一步来看就是男女平等，包括男女在社会和家庭中扮演的角色和分工问题。
如今，越来越多的女性和男性一样享受着平等的教育和就业机会(equality in education and employment)，不过很多女性依然被家庭所束缚(undertake more domestic chores)，我个人认为这种现象是不合理的。我觉得在家庭事务的料理上，男女应该互相帮助和支持。
当然，让女性继续以家庭为重心的观念依然存在。这主要是因为很多人认为女性天然的母性(maternal instinct)决定了她们要承担照顾孩子(raising children)的责任。虽然女性能够在社会上获得更多机会，但在这样一个男性为主导的社会里，女性能够施展的舞台太少。
事实上，男女搭配干活是有很多好处的(mutual affection)。首先平等承担家务可以促进家庭关系的和谐(harmonize the family life)。社会经济压力和生活成本(The social reality and the rising costs of living)让女性也加入到社会工作中去，如果男性也能感受到女性的不易，多一份理解，家庭关系将更为牢固。此外，研究发现，如果男性加入到孩子的教育过程中，那么孩子的性格及人格将更为健全。
最后，打破性别歧视(gender inequality )，男女在家庭中的合理分工，不仅对于家庭，儿童教育甚至整个社会都有着积极而重要的影响。政府应该鼓励和促进这种公平。
It is generally acknowledged that families are now not as close as they used to be.
Give possible reasons and your recommendations.
There is much discussion nowadays as to whether or not the relation-ship between family members is as close as before. Diverse contributing factors can be identified. In the following, I would like to present my point of view.
Great changes have taken place in family life along with the development of society. One of them is that the once-extended family tends to become smaller and smaller. Many children have to leave their parents at an early age to study or work elsewhere. As time passes, children become emotionally estranged from their parents.
Compared with the past, social competition is becoming increasingly fierce. People are urged to concentrate their efforts upon work, so that they can achieve success, or at least a good standard of living. As a result, they can’t afford to spend their leisure hours with their families. The importance of bonds of kinship is gradually fading from their minds.
In addition, the availability of various kinds of recreational facilities also diverts people from enjoying chats with the members of their families. Their free time is mostly occupied by watching TV, surfing the Internet or playing video games. They come to lose interest in communicating with the other members of their families.
In view of such alienation within families, urgent steps must be taken, in my opinion. For members of families who live away from one another, regular contact on the phone can bring them the care that they need. Family reunions on holidays or other important occasions can make a difference as well. For those living together, it is a good idea to take some time off work or recreation periods to spend more time with each other. In the final analysis, a close family relationship can surely be maintained as long as we realize the significant role it plays in our lives and attach importance to it.
In many major cities of the world, you will find large public buildings, both new and old.
Discuss the advantages and disadvantages of such buildings. How important is it for a country to construct impressive public buildings when houses are want is really required?
A public building is a building that belongs in some way o the state. The number of public buildings in any town or village will depend on the size of that community and its needs. For example, you will usually find a town hall of some sort, a school and a place of worship at he least. In anger communities there will be a police station, law courts, a library and maybe a theatre funded by he state.
The desire to build impressive buildings is not new. The ancient cities of the Middle East and South America were designed with large public buildings to impress visitors and enemies and give a sense of pride. In modern times, outstanding public buildings still. create a great sense of local and national pride. They are what gives a city its character and they form asocial centre, a place where people like to meet.
However, some people argue that governments have constructed unnecessary, and sometimes ugly, buildings simply to make themselves feel important. I tend to feel that such buildings may be a waste of public money but I am not sure we can claim that they prevent houses from being built, because these governments have often ensured that adequate housing was also available. Houses and public buildings can exist side by side.
The answer lies in finding ape right balance. We want o feel pride in our town, but we also want our citizens to have comfortable homes. It is hard to please everyone.