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1. 有害的 detrimental

2. 有助于 contribute (much/sub) to

3. 税收 tax revenue

4. 过分强调 lay too much emphasis on

5. 夸张的 exaggerate

6. 适度吸烟 smoke in moderation

7. 做巨大贡献 make a large contribution to

8. 致命的疾病 fatal diseases

9. 率先发起禁烟运动 take the lead in campaigns to eliminate smoking by doing sth

10. 制定制度 issue regulation

11. 禁烟运动 antismoking drive

12. 健康威胁 health hazard

13. 放弃自由 surrender freedom

14. 基础设施建设 the construction of infrastructure

15. 投资 invest in/allocate money to /fund/sponsor/give financial support

16. 培养对艺术的更高品味 cultivate a better taste for arts

17. 增强对美的敏感度 enhance the sensitivity to beauty

18. 丰富精神生活 enrich spiritual life

19. 提高素质 upgrade quality

20. 潜在利益 potentially profitable

21. 提高生活水平 improve living standard

22. 优先考虑 give priority to

23. 这是短视/明智的 it is shortsighted/sagacious to do

24. 预算有限 limited budget

25. 给与 render

26. 培养人们的审美天赋 cultivate aesthetic talents

27. 互补的 be complementary to

28. 承担责任 take/shoulder responsibility to do=be responsible for

29. 民主的政府 a democratic government

30. 属于基本的权利范畴 fall into the ring of fundamental/rudimentary interest/benefit

31. 巨大压力和不安全感 tremendous pressure and insecurity

32. 从长远利益看 in the long run

33. 缩水 shrink


环境类话题也是高频写作话题,话题包括个人是否要保护环境,例如:Some think that environmental problems are too big for individuals to solve, while others think the problems cannot be solved unless individuals take some action. Discuss both views and give your opinion.

政府,公司,个人,谁负责任?例如:The environmental problem in the world cannot be solved by ordinary people, and governments and large companies should be responsible for the problem.To what extent do you agree or disagree?

不保护的原因及措施,例如:Many people think it is very important to protect the environment but they make no effort to do it themselves.Why is the case? What actions can be done to encourage individuals to protect the individual?


1. sustainable development 可持续发展

2. exploit natural resources 开采自然资源

3. the ecosystem 生态系统

4. discharge/release vt.排放(污染物)

5. contamination n.污染物

6. low carbon 低碳

7. environmental protection 环境保护

8. greenhouse effect 温室效应

9. toxic a.有毒的

10. Environment is the foundation upon which the development of human civilization depends.环境是人类文明发展的基础

11. as environment continuously deteriorates 随着环境的持续恶化

12. industrial waste 工业废料

13. the chief culprit 罪魁祸首

14. suffer from respiratory diseases 患上呼吸疾病

15. provide medical subsidies 提供医疗补助

16. be confronted with dire challenges 面临严峻的挑战

17. unlimited discharge of pollutants 无限制的污染物的排放

18. introduce laws and policies 推出法律和政策

19. require public cooperation 需要公共合作

20. echo the policy 呼应政策

21. rapid depletion 快速的消耗

22. take a pessimistic view 采取消极态度

23. penalty 惩罚

24. incentive 奖励机制

25. disposable 一次性的

26. environmentally friendly 环保的

27. exhaust emission 废气排放

28. enact laws and regulations 颁布法律法规

29. levy heavy tax on 对…征收重税

30. publicize 宣传

31. controversial issue 有争议的问题

32. be disposed of 去除,处理

33. dilemma 进退两难的局面




1.urbanization 城市化

2.centralization 集中化

3.imbalance 不平衡

4.in the long run 从长远角度而言

5.infrastructure 基础设施

6.booming 繁荣发展的

7.tertiary industry 第三产业

8.tranquility 宁静

9.revenue 税收

10.commercialization 商业化

11.traffic congestion 交通拥挤

12.water scarcity 水短缺

13.the environmental pollution 环境污染

14.over-industrialization 过度工业化

15.over-crowdedness 过度拥挤

16.unemployment 失业

17.wealth distribution 财富分配

18.social instability 社会动荡

19.urban construction 城市建设

20.population explosion 人口激增

21.a rising crime rate 犯罪率上升

22.drain of energy and resources 能源和资源消耗

23.offer more job opportunities 提供更多的就业机会

24.a rapid pace of life 快节奏生活

25.stress-related illnesses 与压力有关的疾病

26.high cost of living 高额生活费用

27.pastoral life 田园生活

28.class polarization 阶级两极分化

29.social welfare 社会福利

30.give special care to...给予……特殊关照

31.urban sprawl 城市扩张

32.convenient transportation means 便捷的交通工具

33.better medical services 更好的医疗服务

34.pressure of modern life in city 城市生活压力

35.be vulnerable to...易于患上……

36.melting pot 熔炉

37.on the brink of...处于……边缘

38.pollutant 污染性物质

39.waste disposal 废物处理

40.put the blame on...归咎于……

41.be attributable to...归因于……

42.ways of consumption 消费方式

43.suffer heavy losses 遭受重大损失

44.citizen 居民

45.be confronted with...面临着……

46.breed crimes 滋生犯罪

47.vicious cycle 恶性循环

48.a feasible measure 一种可行的措施

49.give priority to...优先考虑……

50.city planners 城市规划者

51.endanger social stability and safety 危害社会稳定和安全

52.save resource 节省资源

53.flourishing 繁荣昌盛的

54.speed up 加速

55.relieve the pressure of...缓解……的压力

56.advocate the management of resources 倡导资源管理

57.benefit from 从中受益

58.put forward valuable suggestions 提出宝贵建议

59.play a major role in easing traffic 在缓解交通压力上扮演了重要角色

60.participate in the reconstruction of the city 参与城市重建

61.raise the environmental management level 提高环境管理水平

62.create a pleasant ecological environment 创造一种和谐的生态环境

63.give priority to 优先关注

64.catch much attention 引起很大关注

65.resource allocation 资源配置

66.perfect the construction of urban infrastructure 完善城市基础设施建设

67.reduce the number of vehicles 减少车辆

68.implement strict vehicle emission standards 制定严格的汽车排放标准

69.reduce waste 减少浪费

70.eliminate poverty and backwardness 消除贫穷与落后

71.prevent and control pollution 预防和控制污染

72.reinforce the conservation of water and soil 加强水土保护

73.keep ecological balance 维护生态平衡

74.adopt environmental protection technique 采取环保技术

75.create a healthy cultural environment 创造出一种更加健康的文化氛围

76.strengthen the regulation and monitoring 加强监督和管理

77.enhance the governmental intrusion 加大政府干预性措施

78.promote legislative regulations 促进立法管理

79.establish and perfect the social security system 建立和完善社会的安全体系

80.give special care to 给某人或某物特别的关照

81.map out (work out) a blueprint of ...制定出……的发展蓝图

82.impose some restrictions on 对……实施限制

83.increase the inputs in...加大对……的投入

84.arouse people’s awareness of 唤醒人们的……意识

85.take some preventive (remedial) measures 采取一些预防(补救)措施

86.enforce on-the-spot penalties 采取立即惩罚性措施

87.play the role of media 充分发挥媒体的作用

88.take proper guidance and support 采取恰当的引导和支持

89.impose heavier penalty on 对……实施严格的惩罚

90.set down effective laws 制定积极有效的法律

91.urban planning 城市规划

92.result in shortage of energy and natural resources 导致了能源和自然资源的短缺

93.break the ecological balance 破坏了生态的平衡

94.be harmful to our physical and mental health 对我们的身心健康有害

95.contaminate the environment 污染环境

96.promote the sustainable development of the city 促进城市的可持续性发展

97.greenhouse effect 温室效应

98.strengthen pollution control 加强污染控制

99.popularize environmental protection knowledge 普及环保知识

100.burning 迫在眉睫的


教育类话题是雅思写作中出题率比较高的一类话题,此类话题主要探讨的是:1 教育的功能,2 学校的科目应当由谁选择,3 什么样的教学方式最好,4 学费应该谁来支付,5 学生需要参加社会实践吗,6 家庭教育与学校教育等。


1. 教育的好处:benefits of education

2. 家庭教育:home-schooling or parental education

3. 第一个老师:first educator

4. 在家教育孩子:educate their children at home

5. 好的榜样:good role models

6. 模仿行为:copy behavior

7. 家庭暴力:domestic violence

8. 增进家庭关系:enhance family bond

9. 上大学:attend/enter a university

10. 高素质、有经验的老师:high qualified/well-experienced teaching staff

11. 扩大知识面:broaden one’s scope of knowledge

12. 学习全面的知识:receive well-rounded education

13. 教育成果:educational achievement

14. 获得就业技能:gain employable skills

15. 参加课程活动:participate in class activities

16. 学校课程:school curriculum

17. adapt oneself to the development of使自己适应…的发展

18. scope of knowledge知识面

19. narrow the gap between缩小了…的鸿沟

20. lighten the burden of减轻了…的负担

21. comprehensive knowledge广博的知识

22. receive education接受教育

23. enlightening予以人启迪的

24. far-reaching深远的

25. never-ending永不停息的

26. perplexing令人困惑的

27. overwhelming压倒一切的

28. exchange experience交流经验

29. exam-oriented education应试教育

30. education for all-round development全面发展教育

31. have quick and easy access to something更快地接触到…东西

32. Develop Our Creative Mind培养我们创造性思维

33. Fake Diplomas假文凭

34. Embracing the Knowledge Economy Age拥抱知识经济时代

35. Renew Knowledge革新知识

36. People-oriented以人为本的

37. compulsory education义务教育

38. keep skills fresh and up-to-date使得技能可以与时俱进

39. widen one’s knowledge拓展知识面

40. enrich one’s social and life experience丰富了社会和生活阅历

41. enlarge one’s view拓展知识面

42. broaden one’s horizons拓展知识面

43. realize the value of life实现生命价值

44. grasp good communication skills掌握良好的交流技能

45. remove misunderstanding and discrimination消除误解和歧视

46. improve cultural integration and globalization促进了文化的融合和文化全球化

47. cultivate a strong sense of responsibility培养了强烈的责任感

48. promote social skills and competence提高了社会能力和竞争力

49. make contribution to society对社会做出贡献

50. quality Education素质教育

51. cross-cultural communication跨文化交流

52. rote learning死记硬背








1. criminal犯罪分子(青少年年,惯犯)

2. soft target容易受攻击的对象

3. commit crime犯罪

4. behavioural problems行为问题

5. behave badly不良地表现

6. squander time浪费时间

7. emulate criminals/copycat criminal activity模仿犯罪

8. exposure to reports on crimes接触犯罪的报道

9. rioting暴乱

10. commit anti-social acts实施反社会的行为

11. be influenced by peer pressures and external factors受同龄人以及外界因素影响

12. led astray被误导

13. educational underachievement学业失败

14. cast a long shadow on lives对人生产生影响

15. cause the fear of crime引起对犯罪的恐惧

16. desensitise people to violence麻木人们对暴力的意识

17. wake up the need for self-protection唤醒对自我保护的需求意识

18. lawless society非法制社会措施

19. combat crime对抗犯罪

20. impose harsh punishment施加严酷的惩罚

21. Capital punishments | Death penalty 死刑

22. To sentence criminals to death 判死刑

23. A criminal record 犯罪记录

24. To engage in unlawful activities 参与不合法的行为

25. To re-offend 再度犯罪

26. Criminals = Wrongdoers = Lawbreakers = Convicts = Offenders 罪犯的说法

27. Rehabilitated prisoners 改造犯人

28. Community service 社区服务

29. To deter/discourage people from doing something 阻止人们做某事

30. Inmates 囚犯

31. To send somebody to prison 送进监狱

32. be aware of the dire consequences意识到极其严重的后果

33. deter crime遏制犯罪

34. tackle the root cause of crime解决犯罪的根本


Some people believe that the best way of learning about life is by listening to the advice of family and friends. Other people believe that the best way of learning about life is through personal experience.

Compare the advantages of these two different ways of learning about life. Which do you think is preferable?

Model Answer:

From my everyday experience and observation I can stand that the best way of learning about life is through personal experience. However, some people think that it is wiser to learn about life through listening to the advice of family and friends. It does not mean I totally disagree with this way of learning. Moreover, I think that it is wise for a person to take an intermediate position because each of these ways has its own advantages. Bellow I will give my reasons to support my point of view.

From the one side, learning through one's personal experience brings many benefits. First of all, scientists say that personal experience has greater impact on a person. I have to agree with this. Take for example children. They will not believe their parents that something can hurt them until they try it and make sure in it. Furthermore, most likely they will remember this experience longer. Second of all, people learn how to analyze their mistakes, make conclusions and next time try to avoid them. So, I think it is a great experience that makes people stronger, more self-confident and persistent. They gain more knowledge and experience that will be very helpful and valuable in the future.

From the other side, listening to the advice of family and friends brings many benefits too. Parents with great patience pass down their knowledge and experience to their children. They teach them all they know and they want their children do not make the same mistakes. In addition to those practical benefits, learning from someone's advice is painless. For example, parents nowadays very often talk to their children about drugs. I think it is a great example when one should not try drugs in order to gain new experience. I think it is a case when children must trust their parents.

To sum up, I think it is wise to combine both of these ways to learn and try to analyze personal mistakes as well as not personal. I think together they can greatly simplify one's life and make the way to success shorter.


Do you agree or disagree with the following statement?

People should read only those books that are about real events, real people, and established facts.

Model Answer:

Some people think that fiction books have no use at all. They claim that people should read about real events that took place, real people, and established facts. I have to totally disagree with this statement. From my everyday experience and observation I can stand that fiction, miracles and fairy tails are required in our life. For several reasons, which I will mention below, I believe that fiction books play an essential role in our life.

First of all, it is kind of difficult to imagine a six year old child reading about politics or history with the real facts that are not always pleasant. I think that children need miracles and Santa Claus because the real world is too complicated for them. They are too innocent and inexperienced to know the real facts and understand what a real life is about. In addition, I am sure that making a child read only non-fiction books can result in shock.

Second of all, following this statement about refusing from reading books about fiction events we also should refuse from festivals, parades, and celebration such holidays as Halloween because most of the characters there are fictional. Moreover, comic books will disappear as well as animated films and fiction movies. The disadvantage of non-fiction lies in the facts that nothing happens to excite the mind and spirit. From the other side, fiction provides a great slope for a mind to think creatively.

In conclusion, I think that people need miracles. We can not be satisfied with only naked truth. Human kind must believe in something and this belief helps people break limits and make new inventions.


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