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雅思写作题目类型及思路分析

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雅思大作文提分难?考生们别光顾着埋头写作文,还要多注意分析雅思写作题型,不同的写作题型有不同的写作思路,今天小编给大家带来了雅思写作题目类型及思路分析,希望能够帮助到大家,一起来学习吧。

雅思写作题目类型及思路分析

雅思写作题目类型: 教育类

1. 教育应该包括哪些内容?

母题:It is generally believed that education is of vital importance to the development of individuals and the well-being of societies. What should education consist of to fulfil both these functions? (050312

提示:本题围绕教育的两大功能来展开(个人与社会),准备好这篇文章,即可应付教育类话题中的最大分支—教育的功能,做到以不变应万变。对于社会角度,可以从促进经济发展、增加社会流动性(social mobility)、维护社会稳定这几个方面来展开,对于个人,可以写改变思维模式、有利于就业和便利生活来写。

子题:大学应当教授理论知识还是实践技能?大学的是应当把学生培养成合格的公民还是让他们自己得益?准备未来职业最好的方法是上大学还是尽快离校积累工作经验?大学要不要扩招?中学阶段应当提供通才教育还是专才教育?要不要延长义务教育年限?要不要让农村地区的学生更容易上学?老师要教学生如何判断是非吗?

2. 学校的科目谁来选择?

母题:Some people think that the government should decide which subjects students should study at the university, while others think that students should be allowed to apply for the subject they prefer. Discuss the two views and give your opinion. (060916)

提示:这类题目采取的策略就是“双批判”,因为题目中提供的两种选择往往都是错误的。

子题1:政府选课or 老师选课?学生选择所有的科目or根据兴趣自行选择?

子题2:只有学术科目重要,体育和音乐这样的课不重要,你同意吗?要不要学国际新闻?要不要学历史?要不要中学阶段就学习外语?要不要学数学哲学这类的科目?

提示:子题2与母题联系不大,需要准备这些科目各自的优点。

3. 什么样的教学方式最好?

母题:Many people use distance-learning programmes (study material post, TV, Internet, etc.) to study at home, but some people think that it cannot bring the benefit as much as

attending college or university. To what extent do you agree or disagree with this opinion? (041113, 081023, 100515)

提示:远程教育最大的好处,就在于三个any:anybody, anywhere, any time. 缺点是缺乏师生之间以及学生之间的interaction, 缺乏教师的moral guidance, 因为没有体育课且久坐电脑前,会引发健康问题。

子题:私立学校好不好?留学好不好?要不要分快慢班?小组学习还是单独学习好?

4. 谁来为学费买单?

母题:Some people believe that university students should pay all the cost of studies because university education only benefit the students themselves not the society as a whole. To what extent do you agree or disagree? (100731)

提示:这些话题都有一个共同的特征:高等教育只对学生自己有好处,因此学生应当自行为高等教育买单。这类题目的写法非常有规律,先驳斥这种理由,再交代学生自己支付学费的后果就可以了。

子题:政府要为学生买单吗?(缺点是给政府带来经济负担,这类话题写法和其它政府类话题一样)

5. 孩子们要不要参加社会实践?

母题:Some school leavers travel or work for a period of time instead of going directly to university.What are the advantages and disadvantages? (030308, 050514, 090926)

提示:gap year好处就是各种能力的锻炼,缺点就是容易受到社会恶习的影响,误入歧途。

子题:要不要参加无偿社会劳动?要不要毕业去农村锻炼?要不要从小远离父母居住?

雅思写作题目类型: 科技类

1. 现代通讯科技

母题1:People can perform everyday tasks, such as shopping and banking as well as business transactions, without meeting other people face-to-face. What are the effects of this on individuals and society as a whole? (050226, 070331)

提示:这道题目是经典的科技类话题,因为这道“无脸化交易”的题目浓缩了网络购物、电视购物、网络银行,ATM自助银行、手机银行、电话会议、视频会议等多种话题,是大家必写的话题之一。

母题2:Many employees may work at home with the modern technology. Some people claim that it can benefit only the workers, not the employers. Do you agree or disagree?

(050716, 091212)

提示:“远程上班”telecommute也是一个重点话题,对于员工和雇主当然都有好处。

2. 现代媒体(电视、电脑、手机)

母题1:Some people believe that time spent on television, video and computer games can be valuable for children. Others believe this has negative effects on a child.Discuss both views and give your own opinion. (080110)

提示:这道话题涵盖了电视、视频和电脑游戏的好处与坏处,可以多练习。

母题2:There are social, medical and technical problems associated with the use of mobile phones. What forms do they take? Do you agree that the problems outweigh the benefits of mobile phones? (060114)

提示:这道题目是手机类话题的经典题目,从社会、健康、科技三个角度来展开,范围很广。

子题:要不要鼓励儿童看电视?看电视和玩游戏对小孩、家庭和社会有什么影响,怎样解决?电脑不能帮助儿童学习,只会造成身心伤害,你同意吗?如何鼓励老年人使用手机和电脑?手机对于个人和社会的好处与坏处是什么?

3. 替代类话题

母题:Some people think that the government should establish free libraries in each town. Others believe that it is a waste of money since people can access the Internet at home to obtain information. Discuss both sides and give your own opinion. (120112)

提示:这道题目入选母题是因为它结合了科技、文化和政府三大话题,非常值得一练。不过考虑到2012年1月12日刚刚考过,最近几个月再考的概率不会很大了。

子题:图书馆要不要提供高科技媒体诸如电脑软件和DVD?网络是否会取代博物馆和美术馆?手机和电脑正在逐渐取代书信,你同意吗?机器(机器人)取代人类工作,利弊如何?网络教育是否会取代传统课堂?(提示:这部分话题与教育类话题结合,已被归入教育类)

雅思写作题目类型: 社会类

1. 男女应该平等吗?

母题:Nowadays, some workplaces tend to employ equal numbers of men and women workers. Do you think it is a positive or negative development? (110115)

提示:这种想法貌似合理,但是男女特质不同,各自有自己的擅长,如果一味地追求数量平等,反而是一种不公平。

子题:大学的每门课是否应当招收相同数量的男女学生?男女特质不同,因此有些工作适合男性有些适合女性,你同意吗?女性是否应当参军?女性领导人是否会减少暴力冲突?父母是否都应该应当照顾小孩?

2. 人口结构与老龄化

母题1:In many countries, the proportion of older people is steadily increasing. Does this trend have more positive or negative effects on the society? (060211,111008)

提示:经典母题,人口老龄化ageing population的利与弊。11年10月刚考过。

母题2:Some people believe that in order to give opportunities to the new generation, companies should encourage high level employees who are older than 55 to retire. Do you agree or disagree? (030712, 030809)

提示:03年的老题,但是仍然有练习的价值。

子题:为什么对老年人不够尊重,会对社会造成什么影响?在一些国家,15岁以下的人口日益增加,对将来和未来有何影响?

3. 其它社会问题

题目:贫富差距正在扩大,会导致哪些问题,如何解决?为什么越来越多的人寻找自己家族的历史,这是好是坏?一些慈善组织和机构建立一些节日,诸如儿童节、无烟日,他们为什么要这样做,影响是什么?

3. 城市化与城乡差别

母题:In some countries, governments are encouraging industries and businesses to move out of large cities and into regional areas. Do you think the advantages of this development outweigh its disadvantages?(080809)

提示:城市化的发展带来了一系列的问题,而最有效的方法就是把公司和工厂搬迁到局部地区(郊区),进行人口导入。这虽然给城市的居住环境有很大的改善,但也会造成一定的负面影响。

子题:城市化会带来哪些问题,如何解决,是否要鼓励人们住在郊区?城市化会给年轻人带来什么问题,如何解决?是否只有政府才能解决住房短缺问题?城市规划者把商店、学校、办公楼、居民区集中在一起,有何利弊?市中心的商店生意惨淡,人们开车去郊区的商店,有何利弊?城乡差别产生的原因是什么,如何缩小差距?

雅思写作题目类型: 政府类

1. 个人与政府

母题:Some people say that it is the responsibility of individuals to save money for their own care after they retire. To what extent do you agree or disagree? (070825)

提示:关于政府与个人这类话题,肯定是些政府和个人都应当分担责任。

子题:政府要不要为个人的医疗和健康买单?个人不要向国家缴税,你同意吗?公民除了纳税以外还有别的方法来尽社会责任吗?捐助是应该直接捐助给当地社区,还是给国家和国际性慈善组织?人们是否只应当关心当地和本国的人,而不是整个世界的人?

子题:政府不应当投资修建剧院、体育馆,而是医疗和教育,你同意吗?艺术家应该是政府资助,还是其他来源资助?政府应当资助本土电影吗?科学研究应该被政府而不是小公司来进行,你同意吗?体育队应该由政府还是非政府来源来赞助?个人健康是否应当由非营利性公司来运营?政府应当投资修建道路吗?举办奥运会的利与弊?

2. 政府应当投资吗?

母题:Some people say arts such as music and painting cannot directly improve the quality of people’s life, so the government shouldn’t put money on art such as music and painting, instead, they should spend more money on construction of public services. Do you agree or disagree? (040626, 041127, 070920, 110611)

提示:政府投资类的话题几乎全都是交叉类话题,分别与教育(谁应该为学费买单)、艺术、科技、健康等话题结合。这类题目的写法大同小异,好处就是围绕各自的交叉来写,如促进教育、艺术、科技的发展,促进公民的健康,等等,而坏处都是一样的:浪费政府的有限的财政lavish the tight budget of the government,或者说给政府造成了沉重的经济负担impose a heavy financial burden on the government.

雅思写作题目类型: 文化类

1.文化融合与差异

母题:Multi-cultural societies,

in which there is a mixture of different ethnic peoples, bring more benefits

than drawbacks to a country. To what extent do you agree or disagree? (060825)

提示:多元文化multiculturalism的好处是促进文化的融合,鼓励思维的多样性,带动社会创新。而缺点则可能导致文化同化cultural assimilation,会导致民族间的文化冲突cultural

conflict.

子题:游客是否应当遵守当地的风俗习惯,还是应该让当地人接受文化差异?外来移民应该接受当地文化还是作为一个独立的群体过不同的生活?

2.语言应当受到保护吗?

母题1:Every year several languages die out. Some people think that it is not important and that life will be made easier if there are few languages in the world. To what extent do you agree or disagree? (041030)

提示:尽管语言单一性语言与文化息息相关,语言的灭绝就是人类文化多样性cultural diversity的丢失。语言就是一种思维方式,语言的消失就意味着人类将会失去一种思维模式thinking pattern,失去一种认识世界的角度perspective to recognize the world.

子题:语言和文化消失的原因是什么,如何预防?(提示:全球化)把英语作为一种全球通用语言好不好?学习一个地区的语言是否要同时学习它的文化?要不要创造一门新的语言来便利人们的交流?(提示:世界语Esperanto)政府是否应该投资保护语言?(提示:与政府类话题结合)

3. 国际旅游业是好是坏?

母题:International tourism has become a huge industry in the world. Do the problems of international travel outweigh its advantages? (060520)

提示:这道题目入选母题是因为它范围很广。建议大家在准备这道题的时候借鉴一下子题提供的思路,这样就可以不怕任何变题了。

子题:国际旅游业带来了理解,还是不同文化之间的冲突?国际旅游业是破坏当地的文化传统,还是拯救传统?为什么很多发展中国家发展旅游业,有何利弊?国际旅游业使人们更加有偏见prejudiced而不是心胸宽广broad-minded,为什么,如何增进对旅游国的了解?现在世界各地的景色都大同小异,为什么,利大于弊吗?现在在电视上和网上也能看了解国家的信息,因此没必要旅游了,你同意吗?(提示:与科技类话题结合)外国游客是否应当被征收比当地游客更高的费用?

4. 要不要保护老建筑?

母题:Some people think that too much money has been spent looking after and repairing old buildings, so we should knock down old buildings and build modern ones instead. To what extent do you agree or disagree? (110428)

提示:要不要花钱保护老建筑?这类话题和语言类话题、教育类话题中的“要不要学习历史”这道题目类似,因为建筑也是历史的见证者,保存历史建筑就能够让后人了解到先人的文化,了解历史才能帮助人们更好地把握将来。

子题:是否要把新的建筑建成传统的样式来保护文化认同感cultural

identity?建筑物的实用价值要比美观更重要,因此建筑师不用操心把建筑物建成艺术作品,你同意吗?

5.艺术

题目:艺术可以告诉我们哪些科技不能告诉我们的东西?音乐仅仅是一种个人娱乐,还是有其它角色?

6. 经济与文化全球化

母题1:The spread of multinational companies and the resulting increase of globalization produce positive effects to everyone. Do you agree or disagree? (120209)

母题2:As global trade increases, many goods, even some daily goods, are exported to another country, which includes long-distance transport during shipping. Do you think its benefits outweigh its drawbacks? (081204)

母题3:Some people think the increasing business and cultural contact between countries brings many positive effects. Others say it causes the loss of national identities. Discuss on both sides and give your opinion. (040821, 051029)

提示:以上三道题目分别对应经济、贸易和文化的全球化。全球化是一把双刃剑,正反双方的论据大家都要充分准备好。

子题:现在人们喜欢住在物价低廉的地区,利大于弊吗?社会从国际旅游和国际商业中得到好处了吗?发展中国家是否应该邀请发达国家来开公司,还是只发展本土公司?接触国际媒体,诸如电影、电视和杂志,有何影响,利弊如何?国家之间的差距越来越小,因为人们共享同样的电影、音乐、品牌、电视,利大于弊吗?

7. 国际合作

母题:Rich countries often give financial aid to poor countries, but it does not solve the poverty, so rich countries should give other types of help to the poor countries rather than financial aid. To what extent do you agree or disagree? (090207)

提示:“授人以鱼”和“授人以渔”,如何选择?

子题:应该给予发展中国家经济上的帮助还是一些实用的建议?随着人类面临的问题增多,国际关系变得日益重要,同意与否?

雅思写作题目类型: 犯罪类

1. 青少年犯罪

母题:In many parts of the world children and teenagers are committing more crimes. Why is this case happening?How should children or teenagers be punished? (100804)

提示:青少年犯罪juvenile delinquency 产生的原因及其解决方法。可从家庭、社会、媒体三个角度分析。

子题:很多年轻人有一种反社会行为,原因是什么,如何解决?犯罪是人类本性,还是可以预防的?

2. 犯罪预防

母题:Unlike in most other countries, police in the UK do not commonly carry guns. Some people think it leaves citizens unprotected. But others think it reduces the overall violence in our society. Discuss both sides of the view and give your opinion. (040320, 040619)

提示:这道题目当之无愧地成为母题,因为这道话题自从2010年9月起已经成为了雅思口语话题中的题目。11年8月20日,这道题目以变题的形式再一次出现在雅思写作中。

子题:是否应该严惩违反交规者?城市中采取预防犯罪的措施,利大于弊吗?个人如果为所欲为,社会就无法运转,你同意吗?犯罪是世界问题,无法预防,你同意吗?

3. 罪犯惩处

母题:Sending criminals to prison is not the best method of dealing with them. Education and job training are better ways to help them. Do you agree or disagree? (050618, 080918)

提示:其实囚禁imprisonment和再教育都是一种让囚犯改造rehabilitate的方法。还有community service对于轻犯和初犯都是一种不错的惩处方式。

子题:监狱除了惩罚犯罪,还有什么功能?降低犯罪的最佳方法是延长监狱星期吗?刑满释放人员再犯罪率很高,为什么,如何解决?你认为罪犯应该送到监狱还是应该做一些社区工作或学习一些技能?

雅思写作题目类型: 环境类

1. 动物需要保护吗?

母题:Now many people think that we are spending too much money and time on protecting wild animals. The money should be better spent on human population. Do you agree or disagree? (031213, 110709)

提示:这类题型采取驳斥的写法来写,先驳斥这是浪费钱,因为在动物上花的钱可以通过发展旅游业来得到补偿。然后再写动物保护的意义。

子题:要不要进行动物实验?要不要把动物关在动物园里?要不要吃动物的肉?人们可以采取什么措施来保护珍稀的动植物物种?

2. 环境保护谁来负责?

母题:Environmental problem is too big for individual countries and individual people to address. In other words, we have reached the stage where the only way to protect the environment is at an international level. To what extent do you agree or disagree with this opinion? (040228, 040515, 110507)

提示:不管题目怎么出,永远记得国际合作、企业、政府、个人,都可以为环境保护做出自己的努力。所以,你要准备的内容,就是以上四个方面可以做的事情。

子题:个人能不能保护环境?个人不能保护环境,只有政府大公司才能,同意吗?公司和个人,而不是政府,可以保护环境,同意吗?很多人知道环境保护很重要,但是自己却不采取任何行动,这是为什么?

3. 垃圾问题怎么办?

母题:Many people say that we have developed into a “throw-away” culture, because we are filling up our environment with so many plastic bags and rubbish that we cannot fully dispose of. To what extent do you agree with this opinion and what measures can you recommend reducing this problem? (050806)

提示:这道题目应该围绕“一次性文化”产生的原因、后果和解决方法来展开。原因:对于方便、卫生的追求。后果:破坏水源、污染土地、污染空气。解决方法:三个R:reduce, reuse, recycle。

子题:消费品的增加会导致自然环境的破坏,原因和解决方法是什么?

4. 自然资源如何保护?

母题:Fossil fuels, such as coal, oil, natural gas, are used in many countries. But in some countries, the use of alternative sources of energy, including wind and solar power, are

encouraged. Is this trend a positive or a negative development? (090530)、

提示:这道题目问的是新能源alternative

energy的优缺点。优点:取之不尽用之不竭inexhaustible,更环保environmentally-friendly, 缺点:核能nuclear power会引发安全事故,水能hydropower会破坏生态环境upset the ecological balance, 太阳能solar power 成本太高,风能wind power会产生次声波污染infrasonic wave.

子题:淡水资源如何保护?是什么原因导致了石油、森林和淡水资源的紧张,如何解决?解决环境问题的最佳方法是提高石油的价格吗?(此题已被剑8收录)

雅思写作题目类型: 媒体类

1. 新闻与媒体

母题:News media is more influential nowadays. Some people think it is a negative development. To what extent do you agree or disagree? (090822)

提示:之所以选择这道题目做母题是因为它涵盖的范围最广,可以写报纸、电视、网络。围绕这些媒体的好处和坏处写一篇文章,顺便思考一下下面的几道子题,那么这部分的话题就可以搞定了。

子题:报纸要比其它媒体更有影响力,你同意吗?网上的信息不准确,你同意吗?我们是否应该相信记者,一个合格的记者应当具备什么样的品质?

2. 媒体审查制度

母题:Nowadays, films and computer games containing violence are popular. Some people think those films and games have negative effects on society and should be banned,while others think they are just harmless relaxation. Discuss both views and give your opinion.(111029)

提示:这道题目正好概括了媒体审查制度赞成者和反对者的观点。好处是对避免青少年的模仿,降低社会暴力,坏处是破坏了影片的娱乐性,对于新闻的审查则侵犯了人们的知情权和媒体的言论自由。

子题:政府应该控制电影和电视中的暴力来降低社会中的犯罪,你同意吗?要不要严格控制媒体对于犯罪细节的报道?电视节目向公众展现灾难性的画面对个人和社会有何影响?

3. 广告

母题:We are surrounded by all kinds of advertising, which significantly influence our lives. Do the positive effects of advertising outweigh its negative effects? (041016, 110625)

提示:这道题目是广告类话题中最经典的,因为这道题目的范围最广。这道题目写成双边,好处是给消费者提供信息,促进经济发展,带动就业,坏处是欺骗误导消费者,误导儿童模仿,扰乱生活。

子题:广告是否会扼杀个性,使人们看起来都一样?针对儿童的广告有何利弊?针对儿童的广告是否应当被禁止?广告应当被禁止,因为它只有坏处没有好处,你是否同意?

雅思写作Task2教育类考官范文

It has been said, "Not everything that is learned is contained in books." Compare and contrast knowledge gained from experience with knowledge gained from books.

In your opinion, which source is more important? Why?

Model Answer 1:

"Experience is the best teacher" is an old cliché, but I agree with it. We can learn a lot of important things from books, but the most important lessons in life come from our own experiences. Throughout the different stages of life, from primary school to university to adulthood, experience teaches us many skills we need for life.

As children in primary school, we learn facts and information from books, but that is not all we learn in school. On the playground we learn how to make friends. In our class work, we learn how it feels to succeed and what we do when we fail. We start to learn about the things we like to do and the things we don't. We don't learn these things from books, but from our experiences with our friends and classmates.

In our university classes, we learn a lot of information and skills we will need for our future careers, but we also learn a lot that is not in our textbooks. In our daily lives both in class and out of class, we learn to make decisions for ourselves. We learn to take on responsibilities. We learn to get along with our classmates, our roommates, and our workmates. Our successes and failures help us develop skills we will need in our adult lives. They are skills that no book can teach us.

Throughout our adulthood, experience remains a constant teacher. We may continue to read or take classes for professional development. However, our experiences at work, at home, and with our friends teach us more. The triumphs and disasters of our lives teach us how to improve our careers and also how to improve our relationships and how to be the person each one of us wants to be.

Books teach us a lot, but there is a limit to what they teach. They can give us information or show us another person's experiences. These are valuable things, but the lessons we learn from our own experiences, from childhood through adulthood, are the most important ones we learn.

Model Answer 2:

People are learning and practicing through their entire life. I believe that life experience and practice are the basic reasons of the humankind's evolution. However, in my opinion, knowledge gained from books plays a very important role in the modern life.

The most obviously important advantage of books is that they hold all knowledge gained by previous generations. People write books about their discoveries and inventions, which are gained through practice and experience. This knowledge is accumulated in books that are passed from generation to generation. So, basically, people get all knowledge about the previous achievements from books, analyze it and than, according to their experience and new data, write new books. In this case, books are the holders of humankind's experience.

For example, at old times people thought that the Earth was flat. It was concluded from observations and studdying. However, the next generations, using the experience of their ancestors, proved that the Earth was round.

Personally, I think that books are very important because they are able to give people the basic and fundamental knowledge. Books store history, the important events and discoveries. Without them it is difficult and sometimes impossible to move forward, make new discoveries and inventions.

To summarize, I think a person should take basic knowledge from books because it will help him to make his own inventions, conclusions and discoveries. Only using both books and one’s experience one can move forward.

雅思写作Task2教育类考官范文

Going overseas for university study is an exciting prospect for many people. But while it may offer some advantages, it is probably better to stay home because of the difficulties a student inevitably encounters living and studying in a different culture.

To what extent do you agree or disagree with this statement?

Model Answer:

There is no doubt that going to study in a foreign country, with its different language and culture, can be a frustrating and sometimes painful experience. But while overseas study has its drawbacks, the difficulties are far outweighed by the advantages. Indeed, people who go abroad for study open themselves up to experiences that those who stay at home will never have.

The most obvious advantage to overseas university study is real-life use of a different language. While a person can study a foreign language in his or her own country, it cannot compare with constant use of the language in academic and everyday life. There is no better opportunity to improve second-language skills than living in the country in which it is spoken. Moreover, having used the language during one's studies offers a distinct advantage when one is applying for jobs back home that require the language.

On a university campus, the foreign student is not alone in having come from far away. He or she will likely encounter many others from overseas and it is possible to make friends from all around the world. This is not only exciting on a social level, but could lead to important overseas contacts in later professional life.

Finally, living and studying abroad offers one a new and different perspective of the world and, perhaps most important, of one's own country. Once beyond the initial shock of being in a new culture, the student slowly begins to get a meaningful understanding of the host society. On returning home, one inevitably sees one's own country in a new, often more appreciative, light.

In conclusion, while any anxiety about going overseas for university study is certainly understandable, it is important to remember that the benefits offered by the experience make it well worthwhile.




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