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雅思写作易犯误区

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又一批新考鸭要走上屠鸭之路,雅思写作不可怕,忽视写作中的细节才可怕,今天小编给大家带来了雅思写作易犯误区,希望能够帮助到大家,一起来学习吧。

雅思写作易犯误区

雅思写作误区1:作文字数越多越好?

雅思写作大小作文都有字数限制,小作文150字,大作文250字,如果作文字数未达到要求,确实是会扣分。按照要求,在有限的时间里写完2篇作文已经是很紧张的事了,超出的字数并不会加分,如果因为超出字数的语段中出现错误,还会扣分,如果考生盲目扩充字数,反而得不偿失。雅思写作评分标准里也从来没有关于字数越多分数越高的评价标准,所以考生大可不必过多关注字数,先把作文的内容练好吧。

雅思写作误区2:高级词汇要多用?

雅思写作评分标准里没有强调高级词汇的使用,而是强调了词汇的准确性,丰富性,用词不是为了长而生僻,而是为了准确。对于很多考生来说,生僻的词汇未必适合当下作文,强行使用反而造成使用语境牵强,效果反而并不好。另外,词汇的丰富度上,考生也需要做衡量。剑雅真题中有前雅思考官Simon的作文范文,看过范文的考生会发现,他的文章很简单,但是非常流畅,每个词汇都用的很准确,表达很自然。

小站雅思君要提醒各位考生,雅思考试中最大的一个误区就是大量背单词。背单词不能盲目,把单词放到句子里去记效果会更好。这样你记住的不仅仅是这个单词,还知道这个单词的用法,举一反三,这个单词便是你的了。盲目的背单词,不仅见到了不认识,就算认识一样不会使用还是相当于白费功夫。

举个例子:“fire”这个词许多学生不屑一用,但是在新闻上非常常见。还有“cut”,许多国外经济新闻报道每天都在用的这个单词,在价格上或者经费上的“cut”,表示削弱,很多学生用“decrease”,托福常见的“diminish”,乃至GRE常见的“dwindle”都难表达“cut”干脆利落,毫不留情的感觉。

雅思写作误区3:词汇丰富性=词汇替换?

关于丰富性这个写作评分标准,站在写作评分考官的角度,他考察的是学生是否能够用不同方式表达一个事情,也就是表达的变化是写作能力的一个体现。而换成考生,如果只是机械化地做生词替换,如果替换的词汇是准确的,那就没什么问题,但如果使用语境错误,那么考官是会扣分的。丰富性不仅是词汇的丰富,也是短语,句式的丰富,考生要多在短语和句式的丰富性上下功夫。

举几个例子

原文:The graph below shows the changes in the number of West Indians and Pakistanis immigration to Britain between 1940 and 1970.

如果单纯对字替换:

The chart indicates changes of the figure for West Indians and Pakistanis immigration to the U.K. from 1940 to 1970.

这种开头段的替换是最没有技术含量也就是单纯的字对字替换,考生甚至在没有读懂题目的时候一样可以写出这样的开头段。但是,其实这句话的意思无非就是两地移民到英国的人口的比较。因此,换句话把内容说出来就好了:

The population of immigrants to Britain from West India and Pakistan over the 30 years is indicated in the line graph.

并不是说第二句一定是更好地改写,但是第二句相较第一句突破了句式的限制,因此学生在平时的练习中可以更多地突破句式限制的paraphrase。

雅思写作误区4:语法不重要

雅思写作评分标准里对语法的要求也提到了。作为英语的根基,语法水平决定了你作文的基础分。语法错误太多,不仅影响阅读体验,甚至会将你的表达,整个内容无法准确阅读,这样的作文是得不了高分的。当然很多考生的长难句写的不错,不过更为致命的是一些小的基础语法错误,真的是很让人头疼。考生们也不要好高骛远,考前把一些基础的语法知识点再多看两眼,巩固一下。

雅思写作误区5:全篇长难句一定得高分?

高中英语老师一定强调过写作文一定要多用长难句,越长越好,分数高。从定语从句到宾语从句到主语从句,考生拼了老命在考场上造句,但是并不是说简单句不能写,也不是说全部都是复杂句就一定能拿高分,个别时候复杂句过多还显得杂。现在的考生写复杂句个个都是能手,所以教大家可以把啰嗦的复杂句改为简单句的技巧:

①用“及物动词+不定式”结构可以将含有that引导的某些宾语从句的复合句转换成简单句。

例如:

He decided that he would buy a digital camera online.

He decided to buy a digital camera online.

②用“疑问词+不定式”结构可以将某些含有连接代词或连接副词引导的宾语从句转换简单句

例如:

Could you please teach me how I can search the Internet?

Could you please teach me how to search the Internet?

③用“too…to…”结构可以含有so…that引导的结果语从句(否定)的复合句转成简单句。

例如:

The boy is so young that he can’t look after himself.

The boy is too young to look after himself.

④用“...enough+不定式”结构可以将含有so …that…引导的结果状语从句(肯定)的复合句转变为简单句

例如:

This hall is so large that it can hold 2000 people.

This hall is large enough to hold 2000 people.

下面的几点注意事项,考生们一定要重视起来,雅思写作考试是很多考生的痛点,但想要拿到雅思写作高分也不是什么难于上青天,关键是平时写作练习要到位,思路要正确,有一定的积累。临考前,小站雅思君还是要提醒一下考生:

注意控制写作时间

雅思写作要求考生在一个小时之内完成一篇至少150个单词的说明文或信件(20分钟)和一篇至少250个单词的议论文(40分钟)。考生需合理安排时间。小站教育建议大家先简后难,先做Task 1,并且Task 1尽量控制在20分钟内完成,然后再写Task 2。所以考生在考前一定要多练多写,掌握时间。

注意写作字数要求

虽然雅思写作考试,对于作文字数没有上限要求,但有下限要求。首先,同学们的注意字数不能过少,但同时也要注意字数不要过多。据统计看来,大多数的高分小作文字数都在180左右,而大作文也在280左右。就Task 1 而言,说明该考生对图表的分析能力还有待提高,多练习看图审题构思。如果Task 2字数不够,说明同学们思路不开阔,论据无法扩展,考生需增加阅读量,多看和雅思写作话题相近的文章和精读雅思范文来掌握论据扩展方法。

注意写作格式及卷面整洁

首先同学们要明白,雅思大小作文是不需要题目。雅思写作有两种格式:一是空行不空格式,即文章每段开头顶格写,段与段之间空一行;二是空格不空行,即除首段顶格外,文章每段开头空五个字符,段与段之间不空行。事实证明,潦草的字迹和不整洁的卷面将在一定程度上影响考官理解文章内容,从而影响得分。因此大家在写作过程中,注意保持卷面整洁。

注意语法时态

在雅思小作文中,经常会出现图标类的作文。图表作文通常会给出特定的时间,同学们要根据此时间决定文章的时态。通常情况下有以下三种情况:过去时间用一般过去式,现在时间或没给出时间用一般现在式,预测用一般将来式。议论文根据内容确定时态。

雅思写作Task2教育类考官范文

Children should begin learning a foreign language as soon as they start school.

Do you agree or disagree with the following statement?

Model Answer:

Language is the best means of communication. In the modern globalization era it is not enough to be able to speak one language to communicate with the outside world. I strongly support the idea that children should begin learning a foreign language as soon as they start school. They faster become familiar with a strange language, improve their hearing ability to understand new words as time goes by and learn new words. In the following paragraphs I will list some reasons to support my position.

First of all, if one wants to see outcome soon, one must start sooner. So, the early children begin to learn new language the better will be the result. Scientists say that a child does not confuse two different languages but learns them more effectively.

Second of all, adults are often afraid to make mistakes when they are speaking in a new language. This fear is one of the biggest barriers for a person in his efforts to speak freely. Otherwise, children do not afraid of making grammatical mistakes because basically they just repeat words and sentences in the way they hear them. Also, children have a better chance to get rid of an accent. They faster get used to the right pronunciation and better feel the melody of a language.

To sum up, I think that it is very essential for children to begin learning a foreign language in their early ages. It is brings many benefits such as great pronunciation. Also, it helps a child develop and gain more knowledge which is good for a long run.

雅思写作Task2教育类考官范文

Some people think that children should begin their formal education at a very early age and should spend most of their time on school studies. Others believe that young children should spend most of their time playing.

Compare these two views. Which view do you agree with? Why?

Model Answer:

People learn through their entire lives. Curiosity was always the basic characteristic of a human being. We always want to break limits and learn more. At this point some people think that children should begin their formal education at a very early age and spend most of their time on school studies. This will help them to succeed in the future. However, for several reasons, which I will explain bellow, I think that children should not study at a very early age.

Of cause, children who begin to study at a very early age have more chances to succeed in the future. They gain more knowledge and experience which are priceless and valuable. In addition, studying more now they will give them the opportunity to perfect their knowledge in the future and become better professionals.

However, I think that every child must have his or her childhood. Children should learn through playing and communication with their friends and parents. I think that such basic qualities as kindness, self-confidence and just a good sense of humor can not be gained from studying. Children should more time spend with their family, playing and learning with their parents. Imagine that a child instead of playing with his friends does his homework and feel exhausted and tired. Another important aspect of this is that children at their early ages need more exercise because at this age the development of their body is a very essential aspect. Children first of all must be healthy.

To sum up, I think that children should have their careless childhood with no responsibilities. Moreover, I am sure that playing helps them develop not only their bones and muscles but their ability to make decisions, analyze things, make conclusions, which is very good for their future.


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