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托福综合写作怎么写

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托福综合写作不仅需要写文章,还需要阅读文章并且听听力材料,托福综合写作想要拿高分,不仅要能写好文章,还要你能读懂,能听懂,会总结。今天小编给大家带来了托福综合写作怎么写,希望能够帮助到大家,一起来学习吧。

托福综合写作怎么写

第一步:阅读

在考试前,考生会看到关于托福综合写作的英文题目说明,大意是要你用3分钟扫读一篇文章然后听一段听力材料,最后用20分钟写一篇150 to 225 words的作文。接下来屏幕上会出现一篇文章,左下角会出现一个3分钟的倒计时时间显示。考试正式开始。阅读文章时,应注意:

1)进行“扫描式”阅读,把文章主题和每段中心论点快速一扫而过,并随时准备速记重点,切忌“精读”,否则时间不够。

2)把握好每段重点,这可以帮助你从容地推测后面听力材料的要点。这种方式尤其适用于听力不够好的考生。

第二步:速记笔记

记录文章重点时,应注意:

1)重点一般分布在每段的首尾,前后呼应,逻辑性强:段首陈述每段主题,段尾得出结论。

2)笔记重点可按照“假说→假说根据1→假说根据2→假说根据3”的模式记录,这也是答题模板,建议大家熟记。在新托福考试听力部分结束后的10分钟休息时间内,考生最好在草稿纸上面先写好这个模板。

3)笔记内容要短而精,切忌抄句子。考生开始写作时,文章会再次出现在题目和答题区旁边。

第三步:写出文章

充分理解了阅读和听力的要点反驳之后,接下来的任务是将这些内容以流畅自然的英文句型表达出来。段落通常分为四段。开头段介绍反驳类型,可参考以下两种形式:

The lecturer and reading passage suggest two competing theories, ______vs.______, to explain why _______.(AB型开头)

The lecture apparently refutes the points illustrated in the reading material. According to the professor, __________. On the contrary, the reading contends an opposite stand.(A型反驳开头)

完成开头内容之后,主体段则需要根据听力与阅读的反驳关系来进行写作。但万变不离其宗,在个别单词上不管什么文章都会出现一些重复,如下:

反驳动词:Differ to, disagree with, cast doubt on, conflict with, challenge, refute, confute, contradict, controvert, combat, disprove;

反驳连接词:On the contrary/ while/ whereas/ oppose to this/ however/ in contrast

听力中的细节支持要点的动词:Support/ illustrate/ strengthen/ bolsters/ (perfectly) reinforces

具体用法可以结合定语从句和非谓语动词:

According to the speaker, _______; she argues that __________. Besides, the fact that __________ further reinforces the point in the lecture, which contradicts the reading point that __________. (refuting the point made in the reading that ________)

托福考试作文独立写作范文:搬去新地方会失去老朋友吗

Agree or disagree:it is often not a good city to move to a new city or a new country because you will lose touch with old friends.

真题重现

It is not a good thing to move to a new cityor country because we will lose old friends.

该题目从题型分类上来讲,不属于常见题型(绝对型、对比型、建议型),其最显著的特征是题目本身带有一个因果关系:因为会失去老朋友,所以搬到一个新地方不是一件好的事情。严格来讲,如果从同意的角度来写,思路可能会受到题目的限制,即只能想到从失去老朋友这个角度来论证搬去新地方不好。所以这种题目从不同意的角度更容易写出逻辑严谨,内容丰富的文章。下面的范文采取不同意的立场,主体段第一段写,搬去新地方不见得会失去老朋友,因为通讯工具日益发达;第二个主体段写,就算老朋友有些疏远,也不能因此断定搬去新地方不好,反而可以开始一段新生活、了解新的文化、结交新的朋友。

范文参考一:

As the technology of public transportation keeps advancing, more citizens can choose to dwell in the cities that are beneficial to their own development. Inevitably, there occurs a controversy whether moving to a new city or country will lead to the rupture of relationship among friends. From my perspective, I think the statement is not sensible.

Firstly, moving to a new country or city will not result in the loss of old friends. To be more specific, the maintenance of friendship doesn’t lie in how far they live with each other and the development of technology has diversified the ways of interacting with friends. The invention of cellphones break the shackles caused by distance and overseas students can choose to communicate with their family members and friends through a variety of Apps like WeChat that makes video calls possible. Except for that, by looking at the pictures popping up all over the social media like Facebook, people can easily capture what is happening to their friends. For instance, my friend Selina took selfie in the Sydney Opera House a week ago and I would learn that she was having fun in the Australia with her picture posted on the Instagram. Therefore, a wide range of advanced electronic gadgets can be used to sustain friendship.

Moreover, instead of losing old friends, city migrants can even enlarge their social circles and achieve more success. Restricted in a city for a long period, people may be trapped in a situation that would block their development and they can gain refreshing experience while immigrating to a new city. My friend of Mine named Michael served as a Market Analyst in a renewed company in Beijing. However, he couldn’t see any progress in recent years and then an opportunity comes out. Because of his five-year working experience, a foreign trade cooperation tried to recruit him as the Market Analyst because the firm was planning to start a new program. Then he grasped the chance and earn a challenging life that he likes even though he was required to work in Shanghai. Our relationship have not experienced any interruption and his strong ability of being adapted to the new environment helps him to make lots of new friends. Accordingly, moving to a new city can, occasionally, help to break the deadlock in our professions.

Admittedly, it can be sensible that friends can be estranged owing to the long distance with each other. Specifically speaking, the chances to meet with each other will be limited a lot. However, as I just put, for one thing, people can talk with each other through various social network software. For another thing, the distance between cities is not a problem anymore since there have been many public transportation tools like the high-speed trains and airplanes that will lead us to anyplace we try to go in a very short period.

In a word, moving to a new city or a new country is good choice under some circumstance. Besides, the highly developed technology can help to strengthen the relations with our friends and the possibilities of living a different life and achieving success can both explain why I stand by the statement that it is a good thing to move to a new city.

写作参考二:

In this day and age, globalization allows people from every corner of the world to travel around and even settle down easily at almost any place they favor. Is it a good thing for people to move to a new town or new country? Opinions vary about this issue. Some people oppose it by arguing that moving away means the loss of old friends. From my view, it is not true. Instead, moving to a new place might lead one to a new world.

To begin with, moving to a new place does not necessarily weaken the bond between friends. This is mostly because modern means of communication allows people to keep close contact with friends even hundreds of miles away. Therefore, it is not uncommon that friends who have not seen each other for years might know about one another’s life quite well and still have much in common. For example, a person moving from Shanghai to New York can easily get in touch with his friends at home through the simultaneous communication tools such as MSN, Weichat and so on. It is incredible that these tools can make it possible to transmit not only voice and image but also real time video! Chatting with friends like this is of no difference from talking face to face. Besides, the popular online social network such as Facebook provides a platform for people to share important moments with friends by posting pictures and videos online anywhere and anytime. It is not exaggerated to say that technology has transcended space and time; distance, a traditional friendship killer, would beat a retreat in front of modern technology.

Secondly, even if old friends are not as close as before, it is not justified to say that moving to a new place is not advisable. People move to different places for a variety of reasons ranging from career development to a new start of life. In this case, old friendship should not become a hindrance to one’s development. On the other hand, old friends might be strong supporters of those who have decided to move. A new job opportunity in a larger market might exploit the greatest potentials of a sales person, whose talents would otherwise be stifled in a small retail store at home. A lady troubled by marriage issues might start a new family and open a new page of life in another country, where no one knows about her past. Thus, the possibility of losing old friends is not strongenough to judge whether moving to a new place is good or not.

In conclusion, even though moving to a new town or country might risk the loss of friends, moderntechnology has managed to minimize such risk. Besides, choosing where to live depends on a combination of factors, which is too complicated to be justified by the state of old friendship.

写作参考二:

With the progress of urbanization, an increasing number of people are leaving their hometown and moving to a new place, which has aroused deeply social concern. When asked about whether it is advisable to move to a new city or country, many people, if not the most, are strong believers of the claim that moving to a new place leads to the loss of old friends. However, in my eyes, the above claim doesn’t bear more analysis.

First of all, moving to a new place does not necessarily mean loss of old friends, in that the distance between people is no longer an obstacle for maintaining a friendship with the help of advanced communication devices and means of transportation. For one thing, such communication devices as telephones and the internet have made it possible to keep in touch with friends living far away from us. With the camera and microphone, our facial expressions and voice can be immediately transmitted to others, which is just like a face-to-face communication. For another, by using the well-developed transportation system , we are able to reach nearly anywhere in the world within a day. Take my own experience as an example. Last summer, Jack, one of my best friend, went to America for his master’s degree while I stayed in China for my study. However, this distance has never alienated our relationship, in that we often chatted online with Skype and even I took the international flight to visit him several times. While staying in America, we traveled together and had lots of fun, which would definitely enhance our friendship.

Furthermore, moving to a new city or country will provide us with a good opportunity to meet new friends and gain more opportunities to achieve success. On one hand, it is self-evident that a new environment enables us to make acquaintance with more people from different background, thereby enlarging our social circle. This is especially true of moving to a foreign country. While staying in a foreign country, we can not only experience the exotic culture and conventions but also establish friendship with native people there. On the other hand, moving to a new city matters a lot to job seekers, especially those coming from rural areas. My brother, a bachelor of art, is a good case in point. While staying in hometown, he had no choice but to work in a local factory with low salary and little possibility to get a promotion. However, when he moved to Beijing, the situation became totally different. He used what he learned in college to land a good job in a large advertisement company and excelled at his jobs. Now he has become the manager of designing department. Therefore, I believe that it is the moving that has changed his path of life .

To sum up, we can conclude that it is a good choice to move to a new place because we can make more new friends and obtain more opportunities instead of losing old friends. Therefore, a new environment is full of challenges and fun.

托福考试作文独立写作范文:现在父母养孩子更容易了吗

Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? It is easier for parents to raise their children than 50 years ago.

写作参考:

Taking a panoramic picture of human evolution, family education has been playing a very important role, especially in modern days. When it comes to the question of whether or not raising kids is easier than before. I, personally, think that parenting has becoming more and more difficult based on the following reasons.

First off, with the advent of technological gadgets kids are now more susceptible to negative information on-line, making it tough for parents to monitor and guide their kids’ behavior and mindset. As we all know, with the appearance of smart phones, tablets and computer laptops, it is easier for people of all age groups, including adolescents and teenagers, to get access to all kinds of information. To be more specific, celebrities especially entertainers, like movies stars, sports giants and pop singers are such bad exemplars for kids since they are constantly involved in sex scandals, abusive use of drugs, random hookups, getting rehabilitation. Kids, who are in their formative years, are not immune to these negative influence. Therefore, it is becoming absolutely tough for parents to guide them and any negligence might lead to be catastrophic for the kid’s future development.

Additionally, parents are so overwhelmed with their career and they tend to be negligent about their kids. Kids, on the other hand, without guidance from their parents tend to have both psychological and physical problems. A recent study done by National Society of Developmental Psychology indicates that there is a positive correlation between the parents’ working time and the likelihood for kids to experience psychological and physical problems in their adolescence. Indeed, fathers and mothers are more stressful and inclined to work more hours than those who did a few decades ago, leaving them little time to hang out and caress their kids. To make matters worse, kids who might experience unparalleled peer pressure, bullying and other kinds of school cliché are not able to get appropriate and timely instruction and encouragement from their parents, increasing the risk of a series of developmental problems. For instance, they might get addicted to computer games, involve in early sex, and even have marijuana and drinking problems.

In conclusion, due to the susceptibility of kids when exposed to negative information on-line or else and the parents’ lack of time spent with their kids, it is getting more difficult to raise kids now and kids are inclined to have both psychological and physical problems in their formative years.


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