欢迎访问教学吧范文网,资源免费下载哦!

如何高效利用托福范文185篇

天下 分享 时间: 加入收藏 我要投稿 下载本文

托福备考的过程中,很多同学都会使用托福写作范文,比如托福范文185篇,那么应该如何高效地利用托福范文呢?今天小编给大家带来了如何高效利用托福范文185篇 ,希望能够帮助到大家,一起来学习吧。

如何高效利用托福范文185篇

一.托福范文六步应用法

1.将一篇优秀的托福独立习作翻译成英文。这里需要注意一个细节,我们所做出来的翻译应该和原文放在一个文档以方便我们的后续检查和比较。

2.打开一个新的文档,将翻译好的汉语文本进行复制粘贴。这里需要注意的是最好粘贴在非word文档里。由于word具有自动改正的功能,所以很多明显的拼写语法错误会自动修正,而在真实的考场上,ETS给出的软件完全不具备类似的功能(这本来就是考试所要考查的内容),所以,对word依赖越大,考场之上,失误的可能性就越大。

3.对照自己的汉语文本,将汉语翻译成英语。

4.将自己的英语文本与原先的范文文本进行对比,标注出自己表达与范文表达不同的地方,并进行修改批注。但是,进行到这一步,大家千万不要以为万事大吉了,确切地说这才是做好我们整个工作的准备环节,真正关键的步骤是第五步。

5.也是整个环节中最重要的一步,就是要静心地思考你的英文译文同范文文本的差异,学习范文文本的起承转合的技巧,学习范文文本长句短句的错落交叉,学习范文文本的精确用词--这些都是在你的文章有了思路和结构之后阻碍你得高分的重要因素。

6.选择步骤。如果前五步,特别是第五步你已经做的无可挑剔,那么这一步可以选择不做。但是如果你在前五步做完之后还有一些困惑,那么请一定要严格执行第六步,即背下这篇范文。为什么不是直接背下范文呢?因为只有通过这样一步一步地翻译,一点一点地对比,你才能知道并且是真正你自己的表达弱点在那里。这种做法看似麻烦,其实比直接背范文的有效性要高出很多。

二.托福写作评分标准解读

语言使用(language use)是新托福写作中一项重要的评分维度。根据官方给出的评分标准,考生应该“能够流畅地使用英语(consistent facility in the use of language)”,也就是要求考生能够使用多种英文句型并且恰当用词(There should be a variety of sentence structure,and word choice should be appropriate)。然而,提高语言的难度极高,它既不想发展(development)那样具有训练性,也不像结构(organization)那样具有模版性,如果方法不得当,还很有可能“练而无果”。那么,什么方法能够在短期内有效地提高语言表达呢?很简单,演“译”语言,以译促写。

所谓以译促写,顾名思义就是通过翻译来促进写作。具体说来,就是找一篇英文作文将它翻译成汉语,然后对照汉语,自己把它翻译成英文,最后,将自己的英文稿和最初的范文进行对比,寻找差距。而这样操作的目的也很简单,就是在比较和批注的过程中不断完善提高语言,了解地道的英式表达,从而在考场上从容作文。

托福考试作文独立写作范文:大学应加强设施建设还是招聘好老师

Do you agree or disagree: the universities should spend more money in improving facilities (libraries, computer labs) than hiring famous teachers.

写作参考一:

Cradles of cultivating talents, universities are supposed to provide most high-caliber education. Responding to the expectation, universities have to think the issue over. Compared with hiring more teachers, from my own perspective, keeping facilities and resources in the universities most advanced and updated is more essential not only for students but also for renowned professors.

First of all, students are able to enjoy a better study environment if their schools utilize advanced equipment. With the assistance of exquisite inventions such as electronic screen and projectors, as well as laboratory equipment, like microscopes and chemical reactors, studying would no longer be a tedious and repetitious information engrafting process, but a way everyone would like to get involved in. Similarly, definitions and formulas of physics and chemistry will graven in students’ minds deeply if they are aided by the equipment when experimenting. However, hardly can professors crystalize abstract concepts into definite ideas without advanced teaching devices.

What is more, as for famous teachers themselves, a university that does not invest in its facilities would be appealing. To be constantly enthusiastic on researching their respective academic fields, teachers have a great demand for exquisite facilities to maintain progressing on their own fields. The most sophisticated technological devices offered in universities enable these teachers to conduct successful researches and remain at the top, which is really attractive to those renowned professors. By contrast, old and obsolete teaching and studying facilities will certainly not inspire teachers to keep further academic researching. Also, practically impossible will teachers have interest in making progress.

Granted, it is conceded that hiring more teachers in universities means guaranteeing education quality in some sense because every student will be concerned and cared about. Even slightest and most subtle academic performance changes of students will be noticed; therefore, teachers can encourage and guide frustrated and upsetting students in time. However, while weighing the benefits brought by investing in facilities and hiring more teachers, we can conclude that facilities are more worthwhile.

In conclusion, I should reiterate that universities should update their facilities, making a top priority. Without advanced facilities, a university will not be helped further improved.

写作参考二:

Advanced facilities, like libraries, research center, university hospital are indispensible parts of a good university while famous teachers are also a big component of a prestigious higher institution. Personally, I think it is better for universities to spend more money in hiring famous professors.

Admittedly, research centers can be a place where advanced technology is incubated, a library that incorporates state-of-the-art technology can also be conducive to students' study, however, I still believe that famous professors play a more significant role in assessing the reputation of a university.

First off, well-respected professors in a specific field can bring lots of benefits not only to the whole community but also to the university. To more specific, prestigious professors can come up with theories and solutions to the most intriguing problems faced by human beings, like treatment of cancers, diabetes and even heart attack. Economists can use data and economic models in their empirical study to predict the economy, and it can provide lots of information for the authority to make timely adjustment to their policies. Electronic engineers can design some micro-chips that can sustain large-scale computation. The benefits that professors bring to the school can be also enormous. For instance, a Novel Prize laureate can attract countless research foundations and donations from both the private and public sectors, with this large sum of money, the university can in turn renovate labs, research centers and even libraries.

Additionally, well-established professors and researchers can educate and enlighten brilliant young students and cultivate future scientists. Famous professors are usually expert in education, they might have been teaching and researching in their field for more than a few decades, thus have accumulated lots of rich teaching experience and developed the most effective teaching approach. Together with their superb charisma, lots of bright young adults will be motivated and inspired and therefore embark on the road of scientific endeavor and exploration. Such inspirations and motivations cannot be brought by improved facilities. Indeed, it is the expertise and charisma of these famous professors that attract thousands of brilliant young students to enroll in a college.

To conclude, hiring more famous professors are more advisable than renovating facilities since the scientific discoveries brought by professors can bring colossal benefits to both the community and the university, and also the expertise and charisma of well-established professors can attract, enlighten and cultivate future scientists.

托福考试作文独立写作范文:想要高薪但是工作时间长的工作吗

Would you prefer a higher pay job with longer work time or an average pay job with normal work time.

写作参考一:

In the current society full of fierce competition, we can readily observe that landing an ideal job has become increasingly difficult, which forces us to a concession in the requirement of the job we want. When it comes to which is more appealing, a higher pay job with longer work time or an average pay job with normal work time, people varying in backgrounds and personalities may view the same issue from different angles. From my perspective, towards such a long-running tug-of-war, my choice will depends on what age I am.

On the one hand, during my twenties and thirties, my preference will be a higher pay job with longer work time. For one thing, as for young adults wrestling with various bills in daily life, the high salary will help them to relieve their financial pressure and thus meet their basic need of life. To be specific, the extremely high price of house in China has been beyond the affordable range of most people. In order to pay the rents or afford a house, young people needs desperately a large sum of money which can be earned in a decent job. For another, longer work time is not a big deal for the young, because they are so energetic and vigorous that a sound sleep can help them to restore their vitality. A good case in point is the experience my friend, Andy. As a broker in an Stock Exchange Company in Beijing, he has to deal with large quantities of data and keep close track of any events which may cause the fluctuation of stock price. Although the heavy pressure brought by his job often require him to work overtime and even around the clock, he never makes complaints because the exciting and adventurous experience from selling or buying stocks appeals him a lot.

On the other hand, n the other hand, when I am at the middle age or old age, an average pay job with normal work time will be much better. After accumulating fortunes in the early years of life, old-age people do not suffer from huge financial pressure so that low income will not affect their life greatly. As we know, the old have owned their own houses and are not interested in pursuing the latest electronic devices or fashionable clothes, thus decresing their living cost to a large extent. As a result, they can lead a relatively high-quality life without high wage. Also, older people are usually those who have got married or even have children, so spending more time accompanying their family members is of great significance. Undoubtedly, the job with normal work time can better satisfy the need of staying longer with their kids or spouse. During the stay, the emotional bond between them will become closer and more intimate.

写作参考二:

Judging from what has been discussed above, we can draw the conclusion that my preference for a job varies according to what age group I am at.

2016年7月9日托福独立写作范文

People tend to have to different expectations out of a job, like personal satisfaction, higher pay, respect, and social recognition. Some people prefer to work long hours to pursue a higher salary while others tend to hold on a average paying job with normal work hours. If I have to face these two choices, I tend to choose to take a job with normal pay but more free time based on the following reasons.

Admittedly, monetary reward is indeed one of primary motivation to pursue a career, one needs money to cover daily expenses like room and board, utility bills, buy medical insurance, without money it is impossible for someone to live a decent life. However, it is not monetary benefit that gives an individual great personal satisfactions. Research that is done by lots of well-established professor in psychiatry has shown that the freedom to allocate your time and your intimacy with friends and families guarantee great personal happiness and satisfactions.

First off, spending too much time and working overtime can add more pressure and stress to one personal life and jeopardize their health. Lots of jobs are sedentary, like secretaries, lawyers, clerks, which pose great threat to their physical healthy. They might get dizzy, backache, and lack of energy. Other professions are even more competitive and intense, like stock broker, financial analyst who have to stare at a computer screen for more than 10 hours a day. It is not surprising to hear someone who has worked for 14 hours a day and several days in a row and eventually suffer from cardiac sudden death. It is clear that working overtime pose great threat to employees' healthy, which leads to sloppy working habits and negative attitude. The most unwanted scenario is the lack of morale in a professional environment. On the other hand, working normal hours makes the individual employee happier in their personal life and more productive in the working place.

Additionally, working overtime means that the individual will have to sacrifice much of their spare time devoted to boring and repetitive work. There are more meaningful stuff to do than working day and night, for instance, by choosing working normal hours one can develop a new skill or hobby, like learning how to play piano, play golf with a friend. Besides, working normal hours makes it possible for individuals to spend some quality with their families and maintaining a harmonious bond with families can be very important. Not only does good to the individual's mental health, but also it will make one more productive in a professional setting.

In conclusion, it is more advisable to work average hours with normal pay than otherwise since more flexibility in working schedule means more quality time with families and friends, great personal satisfaction and productivity in working place and lower risk of physical and mental problems.




英语作文相关文章:

★ 大学生英语作文4篇

★ 英语作文初二10篇【精选】

★ 英语作文

★ my dream 英语作文范文6篇

★ 大学英语作文范文4篇

★ 初中优秀英语作文500字左右范文6篇

★ 高一英语作文精选范文5篇

★ 关于节约的英语作文5篇

★ 六年级满分英语作文精选10篇

★ 高一英语作文范文大全

221381
领取福利

微信扫码领取福利

微信扫码分享