欢迎访问教学吧范文网,资源免费下载哦!

托福写作评分标准详细解读

天下 分享 时间: 加入收藏 我要投稿 下载本文

家都知道,托福写作包含两个部分,满分为30分,但是托福写作是如何评分的呢?今天小编给大家带来了托福写作评分标准详细解读 ,希望能够帮助到大家,一起来学习吧。

托福写作评分标准详细解读

一.托福写作分为综合写作和独立写作

托福写作包括两部分,需在50分钟的时间内完成。

第一部分是综合写作,以阅读和听力材料为基础的写作试题,写作时间为20分钟。考生首先需要阅读一篇学术篇章,阅读的时间是3分钟。然后文章隐去,考生需要听一段大约为2分钟左右的与阅读主题相关的演讲。之后考生需要针对阅读和演讲中的观点作文,总结并说明演讲的内容与阅读中观点的关系,在20分钟的时间内完成一篇150~225字的文章。

第二部分是独立写作,需要考生根据自己的知识和经验陈述、解释并支持对待某一问题的某个看法,考查综合语言技能的作文题目的评分以回答的质量、完整性和准确性为依据。在30分钟内完成一篇300字以上的文章。>>点击查看详情

二.托福写作评分过程

托福写作评分包括机器评分以及人工评分两部分。

机器评分主要通过E-rater,对考生文章的语法是否正确、用词是否得当、以及单词拼写及大小写是否准确等方面进行评分;一篇考生的文章会经过两台机器评分。

人工评分通过ETS阅卷人评分,综合写作和独立写作分别有两位阅卷人给出分数。

托福写作原始分数为0-5分,考生得分分为三个level(如下图所示):GOOD(4.0-5.0),FAIR(2.5-3.5),LIMITED(1.0-2.0),最终成绩通过两个科目的分数取平均分,再换算为30分制的分数。>>点击查看详情

托福写作怎么从5分换算成30分(托福写作分数换算方法)

三.托福写作分数换算标准

具体的换算标准如下:

5分换算为30分,

4.75换算为29分,

4.5分换算为28分,

4.25分换算为27分,

4分换算为25分,

3.75分换算为24分,

3.50换算为22分,

3.25分换算为21分,

3分换算为20分,

2.75分换算为18分,

2.50分换算为17分,

2.25分换算为15分,

2分换算为14分,

1.75分换算为12分,

1.5分换算为11分,

1.25分换算为10分,

1分换算为8分。

四.托福写作评分标准

托福写作5分作文:文章切题,阐说充分,文章有说服力;段落组织有序,衔接紧密,过渡自然,有很强的逻辑性;段落内句与句连接顺畅,句式使用恰当,灵活,娴熟;用词确切,得体。文章中有个别语法拼写错误,但不影响内容表达。

托福写作4分作文:文章切题,阐说基本充分,在某些细节上有缺陷。段落层次组织有序,衔接紧密,过渡自然,逻辑性强;句间连接顺畅,句式使用恰当,灵活;用词基本得体。文章中有少量用词不当和语法拼写错误。

托福写作3分作文:文章切题,阐说尚可,展开不够。段落层次组织有序,衔接紧密,过渡自然,有逻辑性;句间连接基本顺畅;有部分句法错误;用词一般,有时不得体。词性区分和拼写等有若干错误。

托福写作2分作文:文章切题,段落组织基本合理,有逻辑性,但只存在于语义层次上,语言表达上未能体现;句子框架结构基本成立,但有许多语法错误,句间联系不顺畅,往往是不善于使用逻辑连词,显得幼稚,生硬。词汇方面拼写错误多,常有用词不得体现象。

托福写作1分作文:文章切题。阐说没有展开,只限于三言两语地回答问题;没有段落组织,很乱,长度很短,只有一段;句子排列有一定的逻辑关系,能看出各句基本框架,但结构或语法错误较多;用词不得体,拼写错误多。

托福写作0分作文:文章各方面都有严重错误,句子不像句子。总体印象是根本没有写作能力,英语水平太低,达不到一分标准,只能打最低分。

托福考试作文独立写作范文:小学生应多学科技吗

Do you agree or disagree with the following statement: primary schools should spend more time on teaching young students (5-11years old) technology (like computer) than teaching music and art.

托福写作范文参考:

The question of “ what is the most important subject or skill the elementary schools should teach? ” has never failed to attract attention from educators, school administrators and even politicians especially when it comes to subjects like technology, or music and art. Some argue that school should spend more time teaching technology than music and art. Personally, I am not in favor of this position based on the following reasons.

Admittedly, with the advent of internet and state-of-art gadgets like laptop, tablets, being able to use computers skillfully is being considered as a valuable quality. However, early exposure to computers and other kinds of technological products might bring lots of risks and problems to kids’ future development. Recently research by National Society of Psychiatrists shows that exposure to computers at an early age leads to addiction to computers when they grow older and obviously spending too much time in front of the computer can pose a threat to kids’ health, to be more specific, it leads to neck problems, nearsightedness, backache and even childhood obesity. Moreover, instead of getting addicted to playing on-line games and watching meaningless videos, kids should have spent more time focusing on their academic study, or even learning how to appreciate artwork or music. Indeed, spending more time learning art and music not only benefits the kids, but also it is conducive the community as whole.

First off, learning art and music at an early age helps to develop creativity and make the kids more imaginative. Actually, lots of scientific research in the psychological field shows that early exposure to art and music not only boosts academic achievement but also promotes creativity, self-confidence and school pride; kids who spend more time in learning art and music end up having higher analytical thinking and reasoning skills than kids who don’t.

Additionally, spending more time teaching kids music and art can can benefit the whole community. Music and art are a very important part of people’s lives. They are necessary for people to express their emotions, like happiness, sorrow, and even anger regardless of cultural background, ethnicity, age and even gentle. It is very urgent to spend more time teaching kids knowledge about art and music since they bring change, facilitate innovation and help to unite the community. They are the reminder of the past and maker of tomorrow, they also help to convey ideas and different perspectives. More importantly, art and music have great cultural significance, by learning art and music kids will have a strong sense of cultural identity and sense of belonging to community, eventually the traditional values and culture can be passed down to the younger generation.

To conclude, it is more advisable to spend more time teaching kids art and music than technology since not only can art and music benefit the individual kid but also it benefits the community as a whole.

托福考试作文独立写作范文:政府为民众免费提供互联网服务

(A/D) The government should offer internet access to all of citizens at no cost.

点睛

题目大意:政府应该为民众免费提供互联网服务。此题较为简单,思路也有很多。建议选择不同意,即认为政府不应该为民众免费提供互联网服务,因为一方面会加重政府的财政负担,另一方面会让更多人上网成瘾,进一步疏远人际关系。

写作参考一:

With the advent of internet, people in growing numbers are getting addicted to logging onto the internet out of various purposes, which has aroused deeply social concern. Therefore, the issue of whether the bills of using the Internet should be paid by the government or the users themselves has been open to debate. In my opinion, it is more reasonable to require the individuals to cover the fee of internet usage, with the reasons as follows.

To begin with, the users of the internets are supposed to pay the bills in order to relieve the financial burden of government. With the popularization of the internet, the number of people going online every day has increased to a lot, which means that the money spent on the internet is tremendous. Such a large sum of money can do nothing but occupy a great propotion of the governmental expenditure, thus cutting down on the investment of government on other more pressing fields like improving the public transportation and eradicating the poverty. By contrast, if the fee of internet usage comes from the wallet of the individual, the situation will become totally different. To illustrate, the abundant financial resources of government saved by this practice can better facilitate the economic development and render the life of the mass more convenient and comfortable.

In addition, requiring the individuals to pay for the bill of internet access will help to establish better social relationship between people. As is common sense, with the wide application of electronic devices boosted by easy access to the internet, people especially younsters are indulged in the cyber or virtual world created by the social network and various Apps on the cell phone. Consequently, it is not uncommon to observe that when a group of white collars sit at a table in a restaurant waiting for their meals, they watch the screen of their smart phones instead of interacting with the guys near them, which greatly alienates the bond between them. In this case, the free use of internet will aggravate this situation to a large extent. However, if the fee of the internet usage is covered by the individuals instead of the government, many people will be reduce their time spent in surfing the internet in order to save money. As a result, the face-to-face communication will become more frequent and thus the closer and more intimate relationship between people will be set up.

Factoring the above listed reasons, it is safe to conclude that the government should not offer internet access to all of citizens at no cost, in order to relieve financial burden of the government and to build a better rapport between people.

写作参考二:

With the advent of the information age, internet and advanced technological gadgets are becoming more and more accessible, actually they are now as important as basic necessities in life like water supply and electricity. When it comes to the question of whether government should provide free internet access to all citizens, personally I am in favor of this initiative based on the following reasons.

Admittedly, providing free internet access to the public in schools, shopping malls, tourist spots and even households might incur some financial burden to the city since the government has to invest in the infrastructure and networks and even dedicate staff members to maintain the operation, however, it is well worth the effort and financial resource to provide such service.

First off, internet now is an indispensable part of people’s lives, and we simply cannot live and work without it. Providing free internet service can make people’s lives more convenient and bring efficiency to working places. For example, college students can utilize internet to send emails to inquire professors about certain issues in the academics, use different kinds of online service to assist their study. Internet makes it possible for professors to involve multimedia in the their classrooms, making the class more interactive and engaging. Also, businessmen can capitalize on the internet and monitor various data like management cost, profit, asset and liability, ultimately they can avoid certain financial loss and make more profit. Generally, internet makes lives more convenient, citizens can use location based apps to find restaurants, museums, sports centers, etc. Apart from that, internet brings a more connected community and facilitates interaction between citizens and businesses. More importantly, a city with free internet access in public places will see its popularity boosted and attract people to move in or visit.

Additionally, providing free wifi access to everyone is a very conducive tool for empowerment and social engagement, shortening the gap between the rich and the poor, the underprivileged and the privileged. Actually, internet access, cell phone contracts, and data plan can be very expensive and not very affordable to people with lower incomes. Providing free internet service to these people gives them life changing opportunities, like job hunting, on-line course, and even health advice. Consequently, providing free internet service can be a great tool for empowerment and social involvement.

To conclude, providing free internet service to citizens has lots of benefits since internet makes people’s lives more convenient and brings efficiency to working places, more importantly, providing free internet service can be a great tool for empowerment and social involvement.


托福写作相关文章:

★ 学习资料库

★ 墨迹读后感500字范文

★ 大学英语学习计划书

★ 2020年个人职业生涯规划范本五篇

★ 向着远方不断奔跑作文800字

★ 向着远方不断奔跑作文800字

★ 《野性的呼唤》读书心得5篇精选范文

★ 回访母校演讲稿范文5篇

★ 2020大二职业生涯规划书3000字范文5篇精选

★ 不朽高考满分作文

221381
领取福利

微信扫码领取福利

微信扫码分享