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GRE写作ISSUE和ARGUMENT对比分析

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GRE写作备考中,不少同学因为对两篇作文的不同写作要求和学习方法不了解,通过练习取得的进步也有限。下面小编就和大家分享GRE写作SSUE和ARGUMENT对比分析,来欣赏一下吧。

GRE写作SSUE和ARGUMENT对比分析

GRE写作如何制定高分策略?

考生在面对两篇GRE作文时,应该如何确保高分呢?

1. 两篇作文分数都需重视

首先,大家需要明确的是,两篇作文无论哪篇都不能放弃,因为最后成绩是取两者平均值的,因此如果一篇作文分数很低,另一篇作文写得再好也会受拖累。

2. 结合自身特点制定分数策略

针对中国考生普遍ISSUE弱ARGU强的特点,比较合理的得分策略是保ISSUE合格和争ARGUMENT高分。ISSUE难度高,确保一个3.5分到4分的成绩比较稳妥,而ARGUMENT大家更容易写出出彩的好文章,可以努力尝试挑战4.5甚至5分成绩。这样大家的作文平均分就能保持在4分以上,这就可以算是相当不错的成绩了。

GRE写作共同特征分析

虽然GRE写作中的ISSUE作文和ARGUMENT作文有很多不同之处,但在一些基本的规范和要求上还是有共通之处的:

1. 写作基本要求一致

GRE两篇作文的考试时间都是30分钟。考生需要在30分钟内完成从审题到构思到最后成文的整个流程。而两篇文章的文体风格也基本相同,都是属于议论文性质的写作。因此,很多考生比较惧怕的描述类文章就不会有所涉及了。同时,虽然GRE考试本身并没有做出任何字数方面的限制和要求,但根据历年来的高分范文总结,一般作文字数在400-500字左右是比较稳妥的,这一点ISSUE和ARGUMENT两篇作文也没有太大区别。

2. 作文评分标准一致

除了规范要求外,GRE两篇作文在评分标准上也是基本相同的。满分都为6分。最后总得分为两篇作文分数的平均值。大致都可以分为文章整体结构、逻辑思维能力、对于词句语法的运用以及论据素材的使用这几个方面。当然,由于两篇文章本身具体写作要求的区别,可能在一些评分细节上还存在不同。

3. 备考资源资料一致

无论是ISSUE作文还是ARGUMENT作文,两篇GRE作文的复习资源也是基本相同的。除了ETS官方公布的作文题库外,高分范文、黄金词句和论据素材都是帮助考生练习写作能力锻炼作文水平需要用到的复习必备材料。

GRE写作差异点对比

说完了相似之处,接下来小编为大家介绍一下两篇作文的不同之处:

1. 文章题材不同

GRE ISSUE作文的写作要求,大体相当于中文里的立论文,也就是根据作文题目给出的内容自己确定一个论点观点后搭框架写文章。而与之相对的ARGUMENT,则是驳论性质的文章,需要考生根据给出的题目和观点进行反驳,也就是通俗意义上的挑错。

2. 写作难度不同

对于并非英语母语的中国考生来说,ISSUE作文的难度是比较高的,因为写好立论文需要考生自己根据题目提炼观点,如果考生本身的自主思维能力和创造力比较一般,很有可能出现不知道如何找观点写文章的情况。而且不少考生存在缺乏主动思考能力的问题,对于写作比较被动,很容易就会写偏题。而ARGUMENT作文则相对简单一些,考生只需要根据给出的内容找逻辑漏洞和问题,并针对这些问题攻击挑错就能完成写作任务,更容易找到写作思路。

3. 备考时间不同

ISSUE作文需要花费更多的时间用于复习,理由上文已经说过,中国考生大多更难写好ISSUE,因此练习的时间也会因此增加。而复习ISSUE作文的重点,应该放在准备作文模板和练习快速列提纲搭框架之上。考生看GRE机经真题等复习资料时,也应该更加着眼于从文章题目的整体出发,把握住题目的主旨,提炼好观点节省考试时间。

ARGUMENT作文难度较低,需要的复习时间也比较少。而复习ARGUMENT,考生则应该把注意力更多地集中在根据官方题库学习找逻辑漏洞进行攻击的具体写法上。因为哪怕题目千变万化,但能够用以攻击反驳的逻辑问题其实就那么固定的几种,大家只要练熟了找茬的本领学会了写作套路,想要写好ARGU并不困难。同时,考生在学习GRE作文机经时,对于ARGU部分的机经,从文章细节漏洞等角度入手会收获更好的复习效果。

总而言之,无论是GRE ISSUE还是ARGUMENT写作,考生都需要对其有足够的重视和充分了解,并在此基础上做好完全的复习准备才行。

GRE写作高分范文:科学的作用

GRE写作题目:

The function of science is to reassure; the purpose of art is to upset. Therein lies the value of each.

科学的作用是解惑;艺术的目的是创新。只有这样他们才各得其所。

GRE写作正文:

Science and art are two of the most glorious fields in which numerous people have made their great contributions. As the society develops, people concern more about the function of science, of art and of other realms. Some may argue that the function of science is to reassure, and the purpose of art is to upset, however, as far as I am concerned, science and art have more significant values than just to reassure or to upset people.

The main function of science is to propel the development of human society and to provide people the power to understand the nature and ourselves. In the primordial days of the human history, when the conception of science first emerged, science was to answer people's questions and to satisfy people's curiosity towards myriad mysterious phenomenon. If we understand the science in such way, we can't see clear differences between the inchoate religion and the inchoate science, because, the functions of both of them are nearly the same, and both contain totally absurd theories if one studies them today. One may agree that in that period of time, science was largely to reassure people's fear towards the mysteries just as what religions try to do.

However, the development of science finally makes it an important tool for us to understand the nature and to change the nature in our favor. The understanding of electricity expels the old thought that the thunder is a sign indicating that the god is angry. The advancement achieved in medicine greatly elongate human's life, and nowadays people no longer depend on certain rituals to give them health. Discoveries and inventions alike have transformed our society into the nowadays form, and provide us great power to determine our future. If science is only to reassure us, how can we achieve the feats we have made through our history? As Francis Bacon once said, "Knowledge is power", the true function of science is to give us the power to conquer the difficulties we confront.

Unlike science, arts which seldom give us the power to better our material lives, mainly concern about our spiritual lives. Admittedly, some arts actually upset people by let us see the weakness of the human nature or the darkness of our society, as the art works of Michelangelo. However, arts possess much more functions than just upset us. Arts can ease our emotions and reassure us, as the music of Mozart does; arts can give us confidence and braveness, as the music of Beethoven does; arts can also tell us what philosophy is, as the music of Mahler does. Although arts possess so many functions,one can judge that the major function of art is to represent the life and to present the artists' ideals. Most literary works, such as fictions, poems, dramas, give us a vivid image of the society. Other forms of arts have the same kind of functions. For example, Tchaikovsky composed music to represent the hard life of the common Russian people, while Van Gogh drew pictures to represent the beauty of the nature. There're also other pieces of art showing us the inner part of the artists, for instance, the representative new trend movie "four hundred blows". By presenting the life and the ideals, arts give us true understanding of our circumstances and ourselves in a spiritual way. Arts can not explain why it rains,but it explains how people feel about the rainy day.

GRE写作高分范文:想法付诸行动的困难

GRE写作题目:

Practicality is now our great idol, which all powers and talents must serve.Anything that is not obviously practical has little value in today's world.

GRE写作正文:

In today’s society idealism seems to become an ideology that is marginalized and practicality is our great idol, thus, the speaker asserts that anything that is not practical bears little value. I admit that being practical is the wide-accepted dogma in order to survive in this world, but by going too far to claim that anything that is not practical has little value is against the empirical observation as well as the general stimulus that push the human society forward.

Admittedly, practicality has become a cult in today’s society. Too often do we hear people talk about being practical whenever they come to make important decisions or choose between several alternatives. The deep-rooted cause underlying this phenomenon is that with the development of modern society, the emphasis is placed more on financial gaining, quick fame, sensible choice and so forth. Our society is rather stable compared with that of the last century when war, violence, human right movements has become the symbol of that period. People are enjoying this peaceful environment with less crucial missions rested upon them and as a result, they shift from idealism to struggle for the common well being of mankind to the practical concept of individual achievement.

This ideology has its merits since after all the disaster and upheaval that our human race has undergone, it is judicious to focus on the economic aspect of things in order to tackle the most important social problems such as poverty, hunger and environmental problems which all deserve us to sit down and work out practical solutions. On the personal level, being practical is how a person would possibly succeed in his career or personal life. One is likely to make sensible decisions for his education and job choice on the basis of practical consideration of his own strength and weakness and careful analysis of the prospect of research direction and job market. Even those in power and intellects need to consider practically since hasty decision built upon pure ideal meditation would hardly find its way in the modern society and is doom to failure.

Agreeing with the speaker that practicality has become the great idol in our society, I am strongly against his point that anything that is not practical has little value. Even in today’s society, idealism is by no means relegated to the place of total neglect and disregard. For one thing, in history, so much achievement is the outcome of several generations’ struggle such as fighting for equality for women, human rights movement,etc. In today’s society, practicality is the way we can obtain our goal but idealism offers the philosophical explanation of why we should set this as our goal and the clear the ultimate value of our pursuing. What is more, by totally fixed one's eyes upon the practical aspect of things, we face the danger of neglecting one important part of our pursuit, that is the mental enjoyment brought out by idealism. If we have a clear goal set in mind and put practical endeavor at the same time, the result would be more satisfactory and valuable.

To sum up, I agree with the speaker insofar as the wide acceptance of practicality is considered. Being practical is the tenet of modern society and it does shed light on the wise way of doing things and obtaining goals, no matter in the personal or social level.But the speaker goes too far by claiming that it is the only valuable ideology in society.I am strongly against this idea since in history or at present, we human beings still need the philosophical explanation to clear our goal and to provide motivation. In this aspect, idealism would never be replaced with pure practical consideration. Otherwise,human society will be replete with insensible people directed by economic profit and quick fame and recognition.


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